Tuesday, 27 November 2018

GOOD NEWS POST: Links to On-land, Closed Containment, Studies and Papers! - Updated June 25, 2019

For some unknown reason, Blogspot.com has deleted the first 100 GOOD NEWS POSTS on on-land fish farms.

So I have to start this list again. Do note that there has been an explosion in on-land fish farm articles, reports, financial analyses and so on in the past few months.

And, of course, in addition to this post, there is also my list of 282 on-land fish farm systems around the world. The two posts go hand in hand:  https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.com/2016/05/152-different-on-land-fish-farm-systems.html. When there are hundreds - almost 300 - of on-land farms in my list, when is enough enough, for DFO to put fish farms on land?

Now, the new list:

95.

94. Breakthrough RAS Technology for On Land - BioFishency with Technion-Israel Institute of Technology:  https://www.biofishency.com/about. "The new approach is based on oxidizing ammonia electro-chemically straight to N2(g) rather than applying a two-step biological process. For example, it removes the main sources of off-flavor molecules that can jeopardize the fish value." And: "The amount of energy needed for this process is much smaller that the energy required in the biological procedure." See also: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/25/water-treatment-firm-biofishency-enters-coldwater-aquaculture-sphere/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=dd2cf265e4-Americas_briefing_Jun_25_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-dd2cf265e4-92426209.

93. On-Land Fish Farms in Negev Desert - : https://www.haaretz.com/life/farming-fish-in-the-negev-desert-1.5253427?fbclid=IwAR0BEAqUvNVwsZuNjAJ-gbiS09Q5GkPR79AcQqg_SeJjI5aVjw4FGsvDGKs.

92. Land-based Manager Appointed - AKVA, Norway, no less: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1810481/akva-appoints-new-land-based-manager?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=6df3d0bdf1-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_19_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-6df3d0bdf1-244877629.

91. Land Purchase for More On-Land - Atlantic Sapphire, 80 acres, USA, $5M:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/19/land-acquisition-shows-atlantic-sapphire-serious-about-new-220k-metric-ton-salmon-goal/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=31f682bbf1-Europe_briefing_Jun_20_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-31f682bbf1-92426209.

90. On-Land Initiative - Iceland: https://icelandmonitor.mbl.is/news/news/2019/06/14/more_businesses_oppose_salmon_farming_in_open_net_p/. Businesses and citizens push for on land.

89. Iceland Curbs In-ocean - protesters want land-based:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/18/iceland-to-vote-on-changes-to-aquaculture-policy/.

88. 220,000MT Planned - most in the world, Atlantic Sapphire, USA, on land: https://salmonbusiness.com/atlantic-sapphire-doubles-up-on-land-to-expand-production-capacity/. This is almost triple BC tonnage, and 85% goes to the USA. Not for long: https://salmonbusiness.com/atlantic-sapphire-doubles-up-on-land-to-expand-production-capacity/.

87. Nordic Aquafarms Completes Permitting Process - USA, on land: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1808201/nordic-aquafarms-completes-maine-land-based-permit-application?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=36c8aa6dcb-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_17_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-36c8aa6dcb-244877629.

86. Swiss Lachs Expansion - on land, Switzerland: https://salmonbusiness.com/swiss-lachs-we-are-thinking-of-expanding/. "“We don’t use any antibiotics, no chemicals and our fish don’t have microplastics nor parasites. They swim in the cleanest mountain water, we recycle 95% of the water fish,” said Herculeijns. “We are only selling to Swiss customers. The price is slightly higher than Irish Organic because it is a locally produced product, it is fresher than imported fish.”"

85. Atlantic Sapphire Will be Number 2 in the World - on land, DNB: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/14/atlantic-sapphire-stock-swims-upstream-unfazed-by-40-success-prediction/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=411b3ec0b1-Americas_briefing_Jun_14_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-411b3ec0b1-92426209. This is a good, long article and worth reading.

 84. New 'Post Smolt' On-land RAS Production - Grieg, Norway, $36M: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1807813/new-usd-36-million-post-smolt-facility-opens-doors?%20Aquaculture%20Newsletter&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-9626b71d0d-244877629.

83. On-land RAS is Taking Over - hasta la vista in-ocean: https://www.intrafish.com/commentary/1806842/letter-ras-will-oust-traditional-salmon-farms?fbclid=IwAR3xvh_Wt9JspuHFpiQJ-qsQCee6Q3ZmTcKkJG3CSwyHxTs9Kof-93gAO0Q. "I have 10 years of experience in Chile producing salmon in different recirculated aquaculture systems (RAS), and in response to Lola Navarro's article ("Will the land-based aquaculture bubble burst?"), I can tell you this: mega-RAS Atlantic salmon production projects will oust traditional farms. 

There are a range of reasons. In southern Chile, the salmon industry is being increasingly rejected due to the pollution its open netpens generate, and because of the immense returns pharmaceutical companies are making by selling and using antibiotics and anti-parasitics to the industry. Low salaries and bad working conditions are also a factor in the opposition to the sector."
If Chile produces close to 800,000 metric tons of salmon a year of which around 80 percent is Atlantic salmon, most of which is exported to the United States with a live weight production cost of $6 per kilo, what would make you think the 220,000 metric tons that Atlantic Sapphire alone plans to produce on its final stage won’t replace, at least, a large portion of the Chilean produce in that market?"

82. Green Loan for Atlantic Sapphire - USA, first in industry, AS plans to hit 220,000mt by 2031, more than twice the size of the Canadian in-ocean industry: https://salmonbusiness.com/dnb-approves-land-based-salmon-farmer-loan-as-green-first-time-for-seafood-sector/?fbclid=IwAR1psGVbjEUqIiFsT-Gzt2c-TOU1UMy8bZvApKqajawZ6csW0R4ljQAiEEk.

81. New Facility to Supply On-land Boom - BioMar: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1802953/biomar-exec-new-facility-ready-to-supply-land-based-aquaculture-boom?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=dd19532b4e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_12_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-dd19532b4e-244877629.

80. Aquabanq Accelerates US On-Land Plans - : https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1804731/aquabanq-accelerates-us-land-based-salmon-production-plans?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=dd19532b4e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_12_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-dd19532b4e-244877629.

79. Benchmark On-Land Moves - Chile: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/benchmark-completes-split-from-aquachile-joint-venture/.

78. Kingfish Zeeland Aims for Maine - 10,000mt kingfish: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/04/kingfish-zeeland-zeroes-in-on-maine-for-new-ras-site/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=1a6b1635ed-M_A_roundup_Jun_11_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-1a6b1635ed-92426209.

77. Soul of Japan Aims for 10,000 On Land - Japan: https://salmonbusiness.com/soul-of-japan-fully-integrated-indoor-salmon-farm-project-takes-shape/.

76. Aquabanc Moves to Maine, Too - along with Nordic Aquafarms and Whole Ocean, it is currently in Wyoming, aims for 10,000mt by 2025: https://salmonbusiness.com/third-player-enters-the-ring-to-join-maines-land-based-salmon-farming-boom/.

75. Smogenlax - Sweden, aiming for 4,000mt salmon on land: https://salmonbusiness.com/project-aims-to-produce-4000-tonnes-of-land-raised-salmon-a-year-in-sweden/. And: http://smogenlax.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/RH_3_Smogenlax_en.pdf.

74. Land-based Potential - Canada, DFO:  https://www.intrafish.com/news/1800708/proposed-revamp-in-canada-aquaculture-regs-highlight-land-based-potential-disease-prevention?utm_source=IntraFish+Salmon+Newsletter&utm_campaign=3622e437e9-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_10_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5c825a4a64-3622e437e9-245113141.

73. Intrafish Coverage of On-land - multiple news articles: https://www.intrafish.com/topic/landbasedsalmon/.

72.  Nordic Aquafarms CEO on On-land - : https://www.intrafish.com/commentary/1802671/opinion-theres-no-land-based-bubble-just-growing-pains?utm_source=IntraFish+Salmon+Newsletter&utm_campaign=3622e437e9-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_10_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5c825a4a64-3622e437e9-245113141.

71. First Land-Based Shrimp Farm - UK, Scotland: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1801727/uk-firm-opens-countrys-first-land-based-shrimp-farm?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=11767726c5-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_10_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-11767726c5-244877629.

70. On-land Supply Plant to Double Capacity - to meet on-land boom, BioMar: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1802953/biomar-exec-new-facility-ready-to-supply-land-based-aquaculture-boom?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=11767726c5-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_10_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-11767726c5-244877629.

69. AquaMaof Building Massive On-land Shrimp Farm - China: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/05/cp-commissions-aquamaof-to-build-major-ras-shrimp-facility-in-china/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=f624e8c306-Europe_briefing_Jun_05_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-f624e8c306-92426209.

68. Salmon Evolution CEO - company plans: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/new-chief-for-europes-biggest-on-land-salmon-farm/?utm_campaign=newsletter__05_06_2019&utm_source=netflex&utm_medium=email.

67. All Smolts Raised on Land - AquaChile, Chile, $35M invested in plant: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1796766/aquachiles-usd-35-million-investment-puts-all-its-smolt-on-land?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=540254e9fd-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_07_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-540254e9fd-244877629.

66. AquaMaof has $250M in On-land Projects - around the world: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1798754/aquamaof-land-based-projects-worth-usd-230-million?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=540254e9fd-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_07_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-540254e9fd-244877629.

65. Salmon Evolution Appts New CEO - Norway: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/05/norwegian-land-based-salmon-farm-appoints-new-ceo/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=788c483fe9-Salmon_roundup_Jun_07_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-788c483fe9-92426209.

64. Danish Salmon to Build New Plant - on-land fish farm: https://salmonbusiness.com/danish-salmon-to-build-new-facility-and-double-production/.

63. There's Room for On-land - on-land is here to stay, Salmon Evolution, Norway: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1788309/norwegian-leaders-say-land-based-production-is-here-to-stay?utm_source=IntraFish+Editor%27s+Picks+newsletter&utm_campaign=2343f7f6cb-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_04_05_07&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_4a44318b44-2343f7f6cb-244948953.

62. Purchase of Kuterra - article: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/06/03/whole-oceans-parent-company-has-agreement-to-acquire-canadas-kuterra-salmon-farm/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=98514f642b-Americas_briefing_Jun_03_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-98514f642b-92426209.

61. Emergent Holdings Buys Stake in Kuterra - BC: https://salmonbusiness.com/emergent-holdings-buys-majority-stake-in-land-based-salmon-farmer-kuterra/. Emergent is the parent of Whole Oceans, building in Maine, and thinks Kuterra's expertise will help in that new on-land facility. "Emergent Holdings aims to capture at least 10 percent of the North American market for Atlantic salmon by developing vertically integrated facilities close to consumers. The combination of location and integration will improve logistics, limit the environmental footprint, and offer controlled, traceable, sustainable production of very fresh, premium quality Atlantic salmon."

60. Danish Salmon Makes Money On Land - Norway, a good article on cash: https://salmonbusiness.com/2018-was-the-first-year-with-profits-for-land-based-danish-salmon/?fbclid=IwAR36B5ujU7DXPVRkwHvyD7f8uLUpo-1QY15KYMi2-LE7JJu7R6PlO7EWt1E.

59. Nordic Aquafarm Starts Production On Land - Fredrikstad, Norway: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1795893/nordic-aquafarms-norwegian-land-based-operations-start-production?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=84b9f9ba55-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_03_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-84b9f9ba55-244877629.

58. Ideal Fish Secures New Funds - on-land seabass, USA: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1796428/us-land-based-seabass-producer-nabs-significant-investment?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=84b9f9ba55-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_06_03_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-84b9f9ba55-244877629.

57. Atlantic Sapphire at Pre-smolt Phase - Miami: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1794277/atlantic-sapphires-salmon-reach-pre-smolt-stage-at-us-land-based-site?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=107fdb5646-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_31_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-107fdb5646-244877629.

56. More Nordic Aquafarms On Land - Norway: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1795893/nordic-aquafarms-norwegian-land-based-operations-start-production?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=107fdb5646-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_31_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-107fdb5646-244877629.

55. Danish Salmon On Land - they have 'cracked the code'. This is a good long article on on-land: https://salmonbusiness.com/the-salmon-is-almost-another-species-when-farming-on-land/

54. Nordic Aquafarms Takes 100,000 Smolts - on land, Norway: http://www.nordicaquafarms.com/portfolio_page/press-release-inter-aqua-advance-onboarding-2-2/.

53. Whole Oceans Buys Plant in Maine - on land fish farmer: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/21/us-ras-company-whole-oceans-buys-former-paper-mill-property/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=3f8967d05d-M_A_roundup_May_28_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-3f8967d05d-92426209.

52. 'Land Based Production is Here to Stay' - Norway: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1788309/norwegian-leaders-say-land-based-production-is-here-to-stay?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=0bd52a623c-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_27_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-0bd52a623c-244877629.

51.  More on Matorka - on land, Iceland, 'ambitious expansion plans': https://www.intrafish.com/news/1786886/icelandic-land-based-charr-farmer-reveals-ambitious-expansion-plans?utm_source=IntraFish+Salmon+Newsletter&utm_campaign=79243ab2de-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_24_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5c825a4a64-79243ab2de-245113141.

50. New On-land Fish Farm - Iceland, Landeldi, salmon: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/24/icelands-latest-land-based-salmon-project-seals-land-deal/.

49. Whole Oceans Buys Paper Mill - for its new on-land plant in Maine, Bucksport, USA: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/21/us-ras-company-whole-oceans-buys-former-paper-mill-property/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=2bf21d34fb-Americas_briefing_May_22_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-2bf21d34fb-92426209.

48. Kuterra to Harvest in September - BC, 3 kg salmon: https://www.aquaculturenorthamerica.com/news/kuterra-to-harvest-first-crop-in-september-following-hiatus-2335?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=751a492e1e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_22_10_52&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-751a492e1e-166907249&mc_cid=751a492e1e&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

47. Icelandic On-land Matorka ups Output to 6,000mt - Iceland: https://www.intrafish.com/news/1786886/icelandic-land-based-charr-farmer-reveals-ambitious-expansion-plans.

46. First Desert Salmon Harvest - UAE, Fish Farm, farm to be expanded: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/17/salmon-the-focus-for-growth-at-uaes-land-based-fish-farm/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=76066b918e-Europe_briefing_May_17_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-76066b918e-92426209.

45. Atlantic Sapphire Disrupts Industry - DNB analyst: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/09/atlantic-sapphire-drops-expansion-bombshell-for-salmon-farmers-gathered-in-brussels/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News&utm_campaign=f24f1158e5-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_16_10_05&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_483b84eead-f24f1158e5-92334001. "Norway’s largest bank, DNB, said land-based has the potential to disrupt the salmon industry. The bank’s leading analyst, Alexander Aukner, said that land-based salmon farms could deliver 341,000t of production by 2025, from 8,000t this year and 17,000t by 2020"

44. Meeting Comes Amid Skyrocketing Interest in RAS: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/13/rastech-2019-land-based-farming-sector-descends-on-us-capital/#13798.

43. RAS-tech Show - conference on on-land in Washington DC: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/13/rastech-2019-land-based-farming-sector-descends-on-us-capital/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=f8af4bcbba-Americas_briefing_May_13_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-f8af4bcbba-92426209. "The two-day event covers recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) in various species, including salmon, shrimp, tilapia and seabass. Sylvia Wulf, CEO of AquaBounty Technologies, one of the world's most well known RAS operators, is doing the opening talk." Here is an update from Undercurrent News: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/13/rastech-2019-land-based-farming-sector-descends-on-us-capital/#13812.

42. Agri Pyramide On-land - grows chickens, vegetables and fish, Birkina Faso, designed for individual households: https://www.facebook.com/groups/2052031015025722/permalink/2368063986755755/.

41.  Sea Dragon, On-land, On Target - Australia, Shrimp: https://seafarms.com.au/about-project-sea-dragon/.

40. Listing of Major, Global On-land Fish Farms - https://salmonbusiness.com/these-are-the-biggest-land-based-salmon-farms-in-the-world-right-now/. Salmon Business lists : Atlantic Sapphire, Nordic Aquafarms, Whole Ocean, Kuterra, BC, Fish Farm UAE, Andfjord Salmon, Norway, AquaMaof, includes a plant in Poland, and new in Vologda, Russia, and Global Fish, Swiss Lachs, West Creek Aquaculture, BC, Sustainable Blue, NS, Cape d'Or, NS, Aquabounty, FRD Japan, Shandong Ocean Oriental Sci-Tech, Jurassic Salmon, Poland, Superior Fresh, USA, Cape Nordic Corporation (Graakjaer), South Africa, Pure Salmon opening a new plant in USA, as part of a global push, "Pure Salmon, which is managed by 8F Asset Management, a global asset management firm focused on impact investing, announced that it expected to roll out a global RAS operation including USD 152 million 10,000-tonne project in Honshu, Japan. A site in Tazewell County, Virginia, USA with a production target of 20,000 tonnes a year. Boulogne-sur-Mer, France and Olbia, in the north of Sardinia, Italy. It’s also planning five 20,000-tonne facilities in China." Viking's Brand, UAE, Salmon Evolution, Norway, Losna Seafood, Norway, Salmofarms, Norway. As long as this list is, it is only a small portion of the farms in my list.

39. Kingfish Zeeland Wins Prize for On-land Fish Producthttps://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/08/viciunai-kingfish-zeeland-win-top-product-honors-at-brussels-show/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=0f6d86119b-Americas_briefing_May_08_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-0f6d86119b-92426209.

38.  Kingfish Zeeland to Produce On-land in USA - : https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/03/12/kingfish-zeeland-plans-to-build-new-ras-farm-in-the-us/.

37. Expansion Bombshell: 220,000MT by 2030 - Atlantic Sapphire, 'torpedos' entire in-ocean industry with its on-land plant: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/09/atlantic-sapphire-drops-expansion-bombshell-for-salmon-farmers-gathered-in-brussels/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=d35050fce2-Breaking_May_09_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-d35050fce2-92540681. Forty more on-land projects are on the development table.

36. Under $3 per Kilo, On Land - 'demand is overwhelming', AquaMaof, Israel, Poland and other countries: https://salmonbusiness.com/the-company-that-says-they-can-produce-salmon-on-land-for-three-dollars-per-kilo-demand-is-huge-overwhelming/

35. Atlantic Sapphire Raises $90M in just 29 Minutes - that's how much support there is for on-land fish farms: https://salmonbusiness.com/atlantic-sapphire-ramping-up-construction-in-miami-raises-90-million-in-just-29-minutes-in-stock-sale/.

34. Aquabounty Closes Panama Plant for On-land Canada/USA operations - https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/05/03/with-us-production-in-sight-aquabounty-plans-to-close-panama-facility/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=0008022842-Americas_briefing_May_03_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-0008022842-92426209.

33. More on Chile On-land - Intrafish: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1768970/investors-sinking-usd-50-million-into-chile-land-based-salmon-venture?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=f5f2c99446-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_05_01_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-f5f2c99446-244877629.

32. Kuterra Says BC Place for Business - to supply the US north west market: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/04/29/kuterra-ceo-british-columbia-ready-made-for-ras/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=54ed306ada-M_A_roundup_Apr_30_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-54ed306ada-92426209.

31. Inchmore Hatchery - Scotland, Mowi, large on-land facility: https://salmonbusiness.com/inchmore-hatchery-is-one-of-the-worlds-most-technically-advanced-water-recirculating-systems/. Good article. Here is what to watch for in on-land fish farms: "“Landbased, it’s two to three time the size of here,” said MacDonald. “There are so many things that can impact. It’s the power supply needed to run these big farms and how much water you are taking and reusing. Somewhere along the line, you are going to have to discharge that effluent. Also, a traditional sea farm may use 20 – 30 tonnes of feed a day at the height of their cycle, so with a land-based site and the waste that comes back out of that, how do you start processing that? It’s just the size, the scale of it all. What goes happens when it goes wrong? In the sea, there’s oxygen, water, temperature, the ph, everything. On land, you’ve got to give them everything.”"

30.  Cape d'Or Producing RAS Salmon - Canada, NS: https://www.seafoodsource.com/news/aquaculture/cape-d-or-showcasing-promise-of-ras-salmon?utm_source=Watershed%20Watch%20Email%20List&utm_campaign=6a989f6c6e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_04_24_11_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-6a989f6c6e-166907249&mc_cid=6a989f6c6e&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

29. On-land Education - Norwegian Centres of Expertise, RAS courses to be developed: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/04/25/norwegian-initiative-aims-to-improve-ras-education-with-new-program/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=1925a9ae6e-Europe_briefing_Apr_25_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-1925a9ae6e-92426209.

28. On-land Fish Farm Study - if you work around the communications spin against on-land fish farms, you will see that even the BC fish farmers acknowledge there are many projects around the world. An example of the spin, is that in-ocean release their sewage into the sea but don't mention it, whereas, on land a system has to be built to deal with the sewage, it isn't just dumped on the land or in a stream - so it costs more:  https://bcsalmonfarmers.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/ISFA_LandFarmingreport_web.pdf.

27. Floating Ponds - Singapore, coming to a roof near you: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/coming-to-a-rooftop-near-you-urban-fish-farms/. Also: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/floating-ponds-concept-that-could-see-vertical-fish-farms-in-parks-and-on-rooftops.

26. Niri - Scotland, Machrihanish, with interest in system in USA, Norway, Thailand:   https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/foreign-buyers-eye-machrihanish-ras-plant/.

25. Kristi Miller Testing - 47 viral/bacteria tested in 96 samples at same time, BC:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/gill-not-kill-scientists-develop-disease-detection-without-dissection/.

24. Salmon Evolution's New Plant - for 28,800MT grow out, Norway:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/green-light-for-europes-biggest-on-land-salmon-farm/.

23. Nordic Aquafarm Buys More Land - for USA on-land farm, Belfast, Maine:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/nordic-buys-extra-land-to-make-us-salmon-farm-better-not-bigger/.

22. $2M to On-land Build - Aquabounty, CDN:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/province-lends-aquabounty-can2m-to-finish-ras-build/.

21.  On Land on Path to 345,000MT - https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/ras-salmon-production-on-course-for-345000-tonnes/.

20. On-land Fish Farms a Threat - to Scotland in-ocean farms, a study with lots of data/graphs:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/ras-threat-to-long-term-scottish-growth-plans/.

19.  Pure Salmon to Revolutionize Industry - https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/private-equity-firm-launches-260000-tonne-ras-mission/.

18.  Vologda Russia On-Land - AquaMaof to build, 2,500mt: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/russians-invest-25-million-in-ras-salmon-farm/.

17. Pure Salmon - on-land in Poland, with AquaMaof it plans 260,000mt world wide rollout of on-land farms:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/can-pure-salmon-change-the-game-for-ras-grow-out/.

16. Shares Up 35% - Atlantic Sapphire, Florida:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/atlantic-sapphire-share-value-up-35-since-new-year/.

15. Salmon Evolution Seeks Staff - on-land, Norway: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/salmon-evolution-seeks-staff-after-4-5m-funding-round/.

14. Wilkinson Backs Closed Containment, Sort Ofhttps://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/government-helps-salmon-farms-transition-in-british-columbia/.

13. RAS Smolt Health Studyhttps://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/three-year-study-launched-into-ras-smolt-production/.

12. Salmon Evolution New On-Land Farm - Norway, aims to be biggest in Europe, 28,000mt:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/salmon-evolution-buy-site-for-europes-biggest-on-land-fish-farm/.

11.  'Fish Farm' Grows Salmon in Desert - UAE: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/genuine-scottish-salmon-grown-in-the-middle-east/.

10. Making Money from Sewage - on-land fish farming reuses waste:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/technology-makes-fish-waste-worth-recycling/.

9. Update on Salmo Terra - Norway:  https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/oil-man-turns-his-hand-to-on-land-salmon-farming/.

8. New Report on On-land Fish Farms - Intrafish:  http://info.intrafish.com/intrafish-full-land-based-salmon-report-aug2018-s.

7. Aquatrade - new on-land in Russia: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1755658/russian-company-to-invest-millions-in-land-based-salmon-farm?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=a71ab3bcba-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_04_17_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-a71ab3bcba-244877629.

6. Aquabounty Raises $5.75M - on land, GMO, salmon producer, US/CDN: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/04/10/aquabounty-closes-second-public-offering/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=a6bede2327-M_A_roundup_Apr_16_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-a6bede2327-92426209.

5.  Riverence On Land - Idaho, steelhead: https://riverence.com/.

4. Already Highest Green Rating - Atlantic Sapphire, also cheap electricity, 80 acres, will build back up generators: https://salmonbusiness.com/we-are-already-the-highest-certified/?fbclid=IwAR1Y4-e5iS6ZVG1QIgm7vo8kP-kSs0pt2v6ob0D8803K1C1zwLnFGBXyL6o.

3. Grakjaer - on-land fish farm in Dubai: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1530833/dubai-nets-its-first-land-based-salmon-farm.

2. Atlantic Sapphire - now in grow out with 1.6M fry: https://salmonbusiness.com/fish-are-swimming-in-floridas-first-salmon-farm/?fbclid=IwAR1Q981XFVhu_rBJ9vcoGo0mNY6lCW0u0m86RzmIk3uSEBzy-500YbTNmRk.

1. Atlantic Sapphire Considers New Feed Plant - Florida: https://salmonbusiness.com/atlantic-sapphire-exploring-options-to-build-its-own-feed-factory/.

Monday, 26 November 2018

Southern Resident Killer Whales – Sport Fishers and ENGOs, Updated Dec 15, 2018


Responding to the Nov 19, 2018 TC article: Orcas are on the precipice, by Misty MacDuffee and Chris Genovali

Having read the text put out by environmental non-government organizations (ENGOs) for some time, the impression I get is they are not fully plugged into historical and current salmon numbers and issues. My experience on the sport side is that sport fishermen are more informed of the long-term issues because of on-going involvement with Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO). I refer to bodies such as the Sport Fish Advisory Board, Sport Fishing Institute, Pacific Halibut Commission, Pacific Salmon Commission, the Salish Sea science project, in part from the Pacific Salmon Foundation and so on. 

Recent science on killer whales (SRKW), chinook numbers and other science issues is relayed in an informative talk by scientist Dr. Andrew Trites, and Dr. Brian Riddell of the Pacific Salmon Foundation (PSF). See the video:  https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.com/2018/10/lets-take-global-look-at-srkw-problem.html

Their take is that the problem as presented in the press is not accurate: noise isn’t that much of a problem, and new vessels are much quieter than old ones; there are 600,000 chinook returning in these waters and spot and time closures for fishing are the answer, not total closures, particularly windows for Harrison and Thompson chinook. Also, killer whale numbers have peaked and troughed four times since the 1960s. The low has been 66 animals and the high, 98. What then is the number to shoot for in terms of abundance? 100?

Surprisingly, the speakers point out that the SRKW are in our waters only 2.5 months of the year. The jurisdictions where they are resident 80% of the year need to step up, with ENGO input, to put more chinook in the sea.

In my opinion, the big four big issues facing salmon, and thus killer whales, are: freshwater habitat restoration, DFO, fish farms and climate change. Sport fishers have the ear of DFO, but we have seen them do little for more than four decades. See: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.com/2018/05/dfo-salmon-and-killer-whales.html

We need ENGOS to join us in telling the feds to get fish farms out of the water, and to engage in the province’s Wild Salmon Secretariat program; I have argued, the most important thing to do is for BC to fund freshwater habitat restoration by giving money to the PSF that leverages restoration funds 4 to 7 times. We can have a made in BC solution, and not have to depend on the feds, chiefly DFO, anymore.

The suggestion of curtailing sport fishing 100%, is not only unnecessary, but it has many large negative consequences that I don’t think ENGOs have thought through. Just so they know: it is largely sport fishermen, along with school children in some areas, that do freshwater habitat restoration – the most important thing – and maintain small satellite fish plants. If we can’t fish, no one will do the habitat work. We need help.

Furthermore, the sport fishery, in saltwater and freshwater, brings in $2.52 billion dollars revenue annually. Curtail the fishery, and the most important voice for wild salmon is silenced. In addition, many will sell their boats and stop fishing. To keep a boat moored and operating in saltwater is about $10,000 per year. Who will do that if they can’t fish? That $2.52B will take a big hit. I already know one guide at Oak Bay Marina who is selling his boat. This is happening right now, and that revenue supports many small coastal community businesses that will go bankrupt, some 8,400 jobs – five times as many as in fish farms.

Sport fishermen are the voice for salmon, engaged 12 months of the year, for the past four decades. If they are cut off from fishing, this voice is lost. What we need is for ENGOs to join forces with us and push for change.

Moving now to solutions: we need 10 years of 12 netpens of 2 million sterilized chinook fry each to pump some chinook back into the water as quickly as we can – Nitinat, Cowichan and Robertson Creek stock. Triploiding renders them sterile and thus they do not cause genetic problems on spawning beds. They don’t even go into rivers as netpen fish return to the site of the netpen where they can be retrieved from the water and donated to First Nations. Remember, if we dither, it is those years plus four years to adults.

I suggested to the Georgia Strait Alliance that they operate a netpen for the three weeks it takes to feed fry before sending them off. I was told they did not know how. I shook my head and moved on.

As for hatcheries, the science of epigenetics which means the genetic material that gets turned on or off depending on the environment can be used to create wild/hatchery fish by out-planting into lakes, enhanced environments, with hiding spots and natural feed such as stoneflies, smaller or larger fry, or earlier or later release. Check out the programs at the Nitinat Hatchery west of Cowichan Lake.

The video also points out that we need a seal/sea lion cull because they have doubled over historic levels and are now responsible for eating chinook and coho fry in numbers of 40 to 47% respectively. That means half the fish we and nature release are currently killed before becoming adults for killer whales.

The reality is that we have seen DFO manage salmon into extinction for the past 40 years, and without the ongoing voice of fishers, salmon numbers will spiral to nothing. We need ENGOs on our side. Please think of sport fishers as allies not enemies. 

Finally, I contribute to a dozen ENGOs, so my heart and my cash is in the environment.

A few relevant posts:

4.     The BC Stats Table of jobs/revenue is in this post: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.com/2017/09/fish-farms-are-small-in-bc-jobs-and.html

And, a few more:

1.  Basic information on Killer Whales: https://www.mmc.gov/priority-topics/species-of-concern/southern-resident-killer-whale/. You will find more links at the bottom of the article.
2. On ship noise: https://www.hakaimagazine.com/news/commercial-ships-could-be-quieter-they-arent/. This contrasts with the Trites/Riddell video above.
3. A graph that points out that chinook catches in the Fraser have declined over the years: http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fm-gp/fraser/docs/commercial/albionCHcumulativetotal-eng.htm.
4. Human impacts on orcas and salmon: https://davidsuzuki.org/story/human-behaviour-is-at-the-root-of-orca-plight/. This one has generic text, some of which contradicts the story above, but I find it less persuasive.
5. Here is an article on what is happening in Washington State with respect to SRKWs and chinook salmon:  http://nwsportsmanmag.com/governors-budget-proposal-includes-unprecedented-1-1b-for-orcas-salmon/.