Thursday, 17 May 2018

End Broughton Archipelago Fish Farm Tenures - China Favours On-Land


Hi john et al (Lana Popham, Andrew Weaver, Adam Olsen, Sonia Furstenau, Elizabeth May, Dominic LeBlanc):

Just in is that China is moving to get its in-water fish farms on land, for environmental reasons. That, along with the four new on-land plants in the USA -  Atlantic Sapphire being twice the size of BC’s industry, with the other three almost the same size again - the reality is that the BC market is severely compromised until it also gets on land: https://www.seafoodsource.com/features/costs-mounting-from-china-s-aquaculture-clean-up-program.

USA used to be 85% of the BC market, and it has been trying to develop Asian markets to keep itself afloat; however, with this new news, they are in real danger of collapsing, as China moves to supply Asia.

Just so that you know, in addition to this, Norway sold its farmed fish into the USA last year, deliberately beggaring their own operations in BC – Norway had lice and dumped a young harvest that was destined to be eaten alive – just after the USA eliminated a 26% dumping duty on Norwegian salmon. Note that this means that Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood deliberately value BC jobs less than they do Norwegian jobs, and less than profits, and those leave BC for Norway.

It is time to close those Broughton Archipelago tenures.

If you want to know more, let me know. I follow global fish farming on a daily basis in almost 20 countries.

DC Reid

Thursday, 10 May 2018

John Horgan - Remember to Cancel Those Fish Farm Tenures

British Columbians are counting on John Horgan doing the right thing. That means getting fish farms out of the water.

You will note the recent post that the new report - started under the Liberals - asks for science and thus fish farms will never be out of the water, unless a different tack is taken: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/04/the-bc-government-wants-fish-farms-in.html.

Well, John Horgan an overwhelming majority of British Columbians want fish farms out of the water. 75% of us said no to in-water: from my BAD NEWS BITES post: 152. 75% of British Columbians Want Fish Farms On Landhttps://www.cheknews.ca/mainstreet-poll-shows-majority-of-b-c-residents-support-immediate-ban-on-open-pen-net-salmon-farms-445224/?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=9fe849d938-SALMON_NEWS_2018_03_28&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-9fe849d938-166907249&mc_cid=9fe849d938&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

  And there is the Pacific Salmon Foundation deciding its policy on farmed salmon, and wants immediate closed containment, with long term on land: 170. Fish Farms in Closed Containment - PSF, BC: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/british-columbia/article-foundation-calls-for-contained-fish-farms-says-wild-salmon-in-bc/?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=b044c954c5-SALMON_NEWS_2018_03_28&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-b044c954c5-166907249&mc_cid=b044c954c5&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

And the new science on PRV and disease in wild chinook by Miller: 164. Farmed PRV Infecting Wild Salmon - BC, Miller: https://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/virus-killing-farmed-pacific-and-atlantic-salmon-raises-risk-for-wild-b-c-population-study-1.3918507.

And a new lice outbreak in Clayoquot Sound:  169. Fish Farm Lice Kill Salmon Fry - Clayoquot Sound, BC:  https://www.thestar.com/vancouver/2018/05/04/dead-fish-swimming-lice-from-fish-farms-infecting-wild-baby-salmon-in-bc.html?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=b044c954c5-SALMON_NEWS_2018_03_28&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-b044c954c5-166907249&mc_cid=b044c954c5&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

And the Council of Canadians has just come out against BC fish farms: 168.  Council of Canadians Against Fish Farms - BC: https://canadians.org/blog/council-canadians-pacific-region-chapters-call-mlas-respect-undrip-reject-renewal-fish-farm?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=b044c954c5-SALMON_NEWS_2018_03_28&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-b044c954c5-166907249&mc_cid=b044c954c5&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

And some deeper comments on the PRV/Chinook story:
162. Disease - PRV Causes Disease in Wild Chinook - Non HSMI - BC, Riddell/Millerhttps://www.psf.ca/news-media/prv-virus-may-cause-disease-chinook-salmon. "
“Our study used novel molecular tools to show that PRV-1 was intimately involved in the development of jaundice/anemia in Chinook salmon,” said Dr. Kristi Miller-Saunders, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and lead scientist in the SSHI. “The study also reveals a difference in PRV-1 sensitivity between species that could easily explain why the virus causes inflammation in Atlantic salmon and cell death in Chinook salmon. Based on the results, we concluded that Chinook salmon may be at more than a minimal risk of disease from exposure to PRV occurring on salmon farms.” This is the link to the paper: https://www.psf.ca/sites/default/files/ISH%20Manuscript%20%2B%20Suppl%20mat.pdf.

“The findings in the most recent study add to the concerns of scientists, environmental groups and the BC salmon community that PRV is having negative effects on wild Pacific salmon in our coastal waters,” concluded Riddell. “I certainly hope that industry and regulators consider these findings seriously as they look at the future of the aquaculture industry in BC.”"

And, John, those classic videos of sick, deformed, clouded in fecal matter farmed fish: 159. Emaciated, Sick Behaviour, Malignant, Deformed, Clouds of Fecal Matter - BC, Morton, 2017 fish farm video. This is the classic list of about a dozen fish farms with sick, malignant fish, sick behaviour and clouds of fecal matter:  http://www.mercyforanimals.org/canadians-take-a-stand-poll-finds-75-percent. Jeremy Dunn in La La Land. This post has the poll results saying 75% of BC citizens want fish farms banned.

And, the federal auditing commissioner who gave DFO a failing grade: 153. DFO Not Protecting Wild Salmon - Commissioner, CDN:  https://www.thenorthernview.com/news/mismanaged-salmon-farms-unacceptable-cullen/?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=9fe849d938-SALMON_NEWS_2018_03_28&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-9fe849d938-166907249&mc_cid=9fe849d938&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

And,  the BC Wildlife Federation has this to say about the big need to protect wild fish: 146. 'DFO Has No Timelines or Plans' - to protect wild salmon and trout, BCWF, see report:  http://www.bcwf.net/images/M_images/2018-may/Steelhead-Submission-sent-april-28-2018.pdf.
 "Dear Commissioner Gelfand and Auditor General Ferguson:

RE: Request for an Examination of Canada’s Failure to Protect Endangered Pacific Salmon and Anadromous Trout Species under the Species at Risk Act.

Introduction
On behalf of the B.C. Wildlife Federation, we request that you undertake an examination of the systematic refusal of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) and Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) to protect endangered Pacific salmon and anadromous trout species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA). 1. We make this request pursuant to s. 7(2), s. 21.1 and s. 23(1) of theAuditor General Act."

And DFO attention to science has just been indicted: 141. DFO Science Woes - Stop Pretending There is a Scientific Debate on Fish Farms - BC: Stan P, good article:  https://www.desmog.ca/2018/04/12/government-should-stop-pretending-there-s-scientific-debate-about-salmon-farming.

And rare glass sponge reef killed by fish farm sewage: 140. Reef Smothered by Fish Farm Sewage - BC, glass sponge, ancient:  https://www.desmog.ca/2018/04/27/ancient-glass-sponge-reef-smothered-salmon-farm-waste?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=9fe849d938-SALMON_NEWS_2018_03_28&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-9fe849d938-166907249&mc_cid=9fe849d938&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

And the Broughton Archipelago 'Namgis opposition to fish farms: 137. Aboriginals Against Fish Farms - Ernest Alfred: https://www.spreaker.com/user/redeye/critical-point-in-struggle-against-fish-.

And the chefs of BC are against in-ocean fish farms: 135. Chefs Call for On-land - BC:  http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/big-name-b-c-chefs-protest-salmon-farms-1.4607421.

And Alex Morton has just done a brilliant job of showing that DFO and the CFIA have been fraudulently handling the issue of diseases in BC fish farms. This is one that should result in both agencies taken to court: http://alexandramorton.typepad.com/alexandra_morton/2018/04/part-2-isa-virus-briefing-to-chief-scientist-of-canada.html#_ftn59. Part 2 Briefing to Chief Scientist Of Canada, ISA Virus. Post dated April 23, 2018.

And a major new study on on-land fish farms as the way of the future:  130. On-land Aqua Way of Future - major studyhttps://phys.org/news/2018-04-farming-fish.html.

John, Lana, Andrew et al, I think you get the point: BC wants fish farms taken out of the ocean. Give us what we want. 

Hi everyone, how about sending this link to our BC politicians:  John Horgan: premier@gov.bc.ca; Lana Popham: AGR.Minister@gov.bc.ca; Andrew Weaver: andrew.weaver.mla@leg.bc.ca; Adam Olsen: info@bcgreens.ca; and, Sonia Furstenau: Sonia.Furstenau.MLA@leg.bc.ca.

You can find your MLA's email address here: https://www.leg.bc.ca/content-committees/Pages/MLA-Contact-Information.aspx.


Sunday, 6 May 2018

Most Popular Posts - April 2018

These are the most popular posts of April 2018, as in those that got the most pageviews.

1. DFO Fibs on Farmed Salmon Escapes, BC: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/03/dfo-fibs-on-farmed-salmon-escapes-bc.html. Literally thousands of page views on information catching DFO 'fibbing' for a couple of decades that farmed salmon don't escape in BC. The most conservative estimate, I derived from the literature's rate of escapes, is that 153,000 farmed salmon in BC leak/escape per crop. Thousands of page views.

2. Auditor General: DFO You Don't Cut It - Wake Up: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/04/auditor-general-dfo-you-dont-cut-it.html. The AG listed the faults with DFO in BC.

3. The BC Government Wants Fish Farms in the Water - Against Citizen Wishes: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/04/the-bc-government-wants-fish-farms-in.html. And this one has aboriginals hopping mad against fish farms. Thank goodness for Chief Ernest Alfred et al.

4. Fish Farm Spin - DC Reid, READ THIS DOCUMENT: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/01/fish-farm-spin-dc-reid-read-this.html. If you only have time to read one document this year on fish farms read this one, as it covers all the bases and also gives you extensive links to go read up on information you want to understand better. Huge page views for this one.

5. A Stinging Indictment of Farmed Fish as Food - Dr. Mercola: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/04/stinging-indictment-of-farmed-salmon-as.html. Thousands of people went away vowing not to buy farmed BC salmon.

6. New Science Committee? - Don't Bother Dominic: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/02/new-science-copmmittee-dont-bother.html. BC residents overwhelmingly, 75%, want fish farms out of our water and set up on land. Give us what we want.

7. 232 On-Land Fish Farm Systems - comprising 20,000 actual on-land farms: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/05/152-different-on-land-fish-farm-systems.html. One of the all time greats on this site. The question needs to be asked: When is enough enough to put fish farms on land? The tipping point came four years ago, and in-ocean are dinosaurs, needing to be on land.

8. Otto Langer On Farmed Fish - Escapes/Leakage: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/03/otto-langer-on-farmed-fish-escapes.html.

Friday, 4 May 2018

LIce Outbreak in Clayoquot Sound - Billions of Lice

AS if there were not enough evidence that lice breakout in huge numbers in BC - and every place else in the world their are fish farms - now a new outbreak in Clayoquot Sound.
 
 
 
 The last post on this site has a link to 30 BC lice studies, 90 studies by Marine Harvest, and the latest is a list of 800 lice studies around the world: See this abstract: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/24042912_The_global_economic_cost_of_sea_lice_to_the_salmonid_farming_industry.

CEO, Helge Aarskog, MH, has stated that lice are their worst problem: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2015/05/marine-harvest-lice-are-our-worst.html.

Here is a link to the 30 lice studies in BC:  http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/02/lice-numbers-dont-match-up-in-bc-and.html. The post includes just 2 from Marine Harvest. And DFO's numbers from 2015 show that Quatsino farmed salmon had 300 - to 800-% more lice over the limit of 3 lice per fish.

Now, Clayoquot Sound. Zero sockeye spawners returned in 2017.  In 2012 there were only 501 chinook in a half dozen rivers. These are extinction numbers. And the sound has 20 fish farms in a body of water that has only one exit, thus the lice, disease and fecal matter simply floats around. And you will recall that Cermaq applied, and actually got, a licence for 2 million litres of hydrogen peroxide, Paramove 50, to try and kill them all.

Here are photos of 2018 fry in Clayoquot: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1ps-GumjM4j7RmsYT-kVu1GjJR2ojltqz. Note that this also has a copy of the news release.

Here is text from the Clayoquot Action Group on the number of lice: "Tofino, May 3, 2018—A massive outbreak of salmon lice in the Clayoquot Sound UNESCO Biosphere Reserve is threatening to wipe out this year’s salmon run. Cermaq’s documentation on salmon lice for April show that the numbers of salmon lice on seven of their fourteen Clayoquot farm sites are up to ten times higher than the threshold which requires treatment. The regulatory threshold is three motile salmon lice per farm fish."

There are 20 fish farms in Clayoquot, which, by the way is a UNESCO Biosphere - why there are fish farms in such special water is a question that has been hanging here for 20 years.

Let me give you a calculation that will make your jaw drop. If there is only one female louse per farmed salmon, and it can produce 1000 lice at a time, here is the number of lice from one farm: 1 farm X 600,000 fish/farm X 1000 lice/female = 600,000,000. Yes, that is 600 million, and Cermaq has problems with 14 farms, (yes, that means 600M X 14 = 8,400 million) and lice counts are up to ten times higher than the threshold that requires action - typically 3 lice per farmed salmon, not 10 times 3 = 30 lice per farmed fish, meaning the number is even higher. And there are 20 farms in total so the number is even higher. 

That is the reality with fish farms, and why CEO Aarskog, has those 90 studies on the go to try and solve this problem.

CAG points out that: "Cermaq recently received a controversial permit to use a new pesticide to control salmon lice in Clayoquot Sound. The treatment—Paramove 50—is known to suppress the immune system of the farm fish and trigger outbreaks of viruses such as Piscine Reovirus (PRV)"

Oh, and in case this is not obvious, Cermaq will be releasing the 2 million litres of lice chemicals into the waters of Clayoquot Sound - little wonder why people have lost faith in DFO/BC. And, as we have noted many times on this site, lice become resistant to the chemicals very quickly, that is why they constantly need new ones. The straight forward answer here is fish farms need to be on land. Why hasn't DFO/BC done this already?

Here is what CAG says about the lice treatment: “This is a band-aid solution for a serious problem that the salmon farming industry is unable to solve. Clearly a new approach is needed, which is why we’re seeing a global shift to land-based salmon farming”, said Ms. Glambeck. “Why are we sacrificing local food security, the wild salmon economy, and the iconic ecosystems of Clayoquot Sound, when the writing is clearly on the wall?”

Why, indeed. Please send a note to John Horgan: premier@gov.bc.ca, and to Dominic LeBlanc: dominic.leblanc@parl.gc.ca. Ask them to put fish farms on land. The answer is so simple, it should have happened decades ago.

You can pass on my list of 232 on-land fish farms systems that I have found: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/05/152-different-on-land-fish-farm-systems.html.

Thanks.

One more thing, here is the list of lice numbers per fish at the farms: 


Cermaq Canada’s sea lice counts from the ASC-certified and in assessment Clayoquot Sound farms:

• Ross Pass — 31.88 motile per fish / 14.9 adult female per fish (1 May 2018) HARVESTING
• Dixon Bay — 24.83 motile per fish / 13.07 adult female per fish (28 April 2018)HARVESTING
• Millar Channel — 29.13 motile per fish / 8.07 adult female per fish (29 April 2018)HARVESTING
• Saranac — 18.47 motile per fish / 5 adult female per fish (29 April 2018)
• Mussel Rock — 8.67 motile per fish / 4.53 adult female per fish (28 April 2018)
• Bawden — 18.82 motile per fish / 10.97 adult female per fish (25 April 2018)

Thursday, 3 May 2018

Conflict of Interest - Will DFO Ever Stand By Wild Salmon?

Go read this article by Stan Proboszcz of Watershed Watch: https://www.desmog.ca/2018/04/12/government-should-stop-pretending-there-s-scientific-debate-about-salmon-farming.

The point he is making is that government and fish farms are on one side arguing that fish farms are wonderful, while NGOS and academia are on the other saying that ain't so. Here are two issues: DFO should not be on the side of fish farms; this is a conflict of interest, and sides against wild salmon. Secondly, this creates a false controversy, as though there is legitimate debate on the issues, just like Big Tobacco did. Sea lice for example.

The main issue is: "Does Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s (DFOs) science advisory process have integrity when tasked with answering questions on salmon farming? If there is any hope of changing the trajectory of many iconic but endangered wild salmon stocks, there must be a resolution to political and industrial interference that continues to influence fisheries science advice at the federal level."

You will recall that Stan P was on the science committee that 'found' wild sockeye salmon can not catch IHN from IHN vaccinated farmed salmon, but, and it's a big but, DFO would not let them - its own committee - see the research from the fish farms to make this conclusion. See:  https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/01/sockeye-cant-catch-fish-farm-viruses.html.

One of the fish farm spin techniques, is to move into a new area and start at square 1 in the battle to stay in the water. BC fish farms say there is no lice science to prove there is a problem here. Meanwhile Marine Harvest in Norway says lice are the worst problem for fish farms, and in fact CEO Aarskog says he has 90 studies on sea lice on the go: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2015/05/marine-harvest-lice-are-our-worst.html.

But in BC, his own employees are arguing that fish farms don't cause a lice problem. This is contradictory, but happens in every area that fish farms move into. Here is how such an argument works. The people say, the Earth rotates around the sun. Fish farm lawyers say: what gives you that idea? You say: Galileo proved that centuries ago. The fish farm lawyers say: was Galileo from BC? You say: Well, no. Fish farm lawyers answer: So, it is not proven that the Earth travels around the sun in BC. I was married to a lawyer, so I understand your squirming at such a vice grip of logic.

Here is a link to 30 lice studies in BC:  http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/02/lice-numbers-dont-match-up-in-bc-and.html. The post includes just 2 from Marine Harvest. And DFO's numbers from 2015 show that Quatsino farmed salmon had 300 - to 800-% more lice over the limit of 3 lice per fish.

Here is a link to 800 lice studies in the world:  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/24042912_The_global_economic_cost_of_sea_lice_to_the_salmonid_farming_industry. "Despite
major research efforts over 30 years, as evident from over 800 research publications, they [lice] remain apersistent problem."

Stan comments: "It is well established that manufacturing a scientific debate on the impacts of smoking and climate change benefits tobacco and petroleum companies. Some believe the salmon-farming debate is not very different."

The phrase 'precautionary principle' is no doubt on your lips. The Cohen Commission told the government to take the promotion from DFO and for it to get on with the Wild Salmon Policy. In addition, it told DFO to favour caution and get fish farms out of the Discovery Islands by 2020 if it cannot prove there is no problem.

"An expert panel of the Royal Society of Canada reached a similar conclusion." meaning conflict of interest.

Stan cites three examples about disease in BC:

 "Within the context of SCAMs, we can compare three conclusions from DFO’s 2015 Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat report on PRV with more recent published conclusions from academics, NGO scientists and Kristi Miller’s lab.
  • 2015 DFO conclusion 1: “There is no evidence from laboratory studies in British Columbia and Washington State that PRV infection is associated with any disease state, including HSMI [heart and skeletal muscle inflammation]”
    • 2017 Wessel et al.: PRV can cause heart and skeletal muscle inflammation
       
  • 2015 DFO conclusion 2: “HSMI has not been reported on B.C. salmon farms”
  • 2015 DFO conclusion 3: The information suggests “a low likelihood that the presence of this virus in any life stage of farmed Atlantic and Pacific Salmon would have a significant impact on wild Pacific Salmon populations.”
    • 2017 Morton et al.: Salmon farms may spread PRV to wild salmon and impede their ability to migrate upstream and spawn."

Hmm. I should add that PRV came from Norway, where it was shown to cause HSMI. Why is DFO against wild salmon? Good question.

But there is more: " The 2015 DFO report ends with unsubstantiated platitudes about B.C.’s “robust” disease surveillance program that purportedly minimizes the threat of diseases spreading from farms to wild fish. It appears DFO’s premier peer-review science advisory process, CSAS, produced premature conclusions that coincidently aligned with industry conclusions, but that are now in question."

This is important because DFO and fish farms commonly use in the press that they operate under the strictest laws in the world. Fish farms say this every year in many countries, clearly this is not possible because no two countries have the same laws. In Canada, no two provinces do things the same.

CSAS is the federal committee charged with overseeing science: "The Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, established in the early 2000s, is headquartered in DFO and coordinates science review processes throughout the country with the goal of providing high-quality scientific advice to the minister of fisheries and oceans, managers and other interested parties."

Stan makes some pungent suggestions:

 1. Separate CSAS from DFO. DFO scientists don't feel comfortable, their jobs being on the line if they go against the party line. And there is that MOU among fish farms that CSAS used to show there was no disease, something that is fallacious.

2. Make potential conflict of interest disclosure explicit and mandatory. Good idea, but who has any confidence in the government, that backs fish farms, actually eliminating its conflict. Of course, this means against wild salmon and the residents of BC. OH, and CSAS has no conflict rules.

You may have heard about the government putting together a 'stellar' group of scientists regarding fish farm issues.The problem is that CSAS has a conflict of interest problem. In other words, DFO's being against wild Pacific salmon, and managing them into extinction just goes on and on.

Take a look at this image from the 60s and ask yourself if you think DFO has done a good job of maintaining salmon runs. This is from the Nahmint River, taken on Mouse Beach, from a morning's fishing.



I leave the end to Stan: "In February 2018, it was announced that Minister of Science Kirsty Duncan has asked Canada’s chief science adviser, Mona Nemer, to lead an independent expert panel on the appropriate use of scientific evidence in decision-making around protecting the marine environment, as it relates to salmon farming. More recently it was revealed that the “independent” panel will be substantially supported by DFO staff." HMM, those conflicted staff? Why, yes, why would you expect anything different? Now look at the morning's catch photo once again.

Will DFO Ever Stand By Wild Salmon?

                                                              ***

Even more finally, if you want to read graphic, actual accounts of DFO conflict of interest with fish farms and allowing sewage, lice, disease, rotting fish dumped in the ocean, endless reorganization, damaged habitat, read the Otto Langer chapter in A Stain Upon The Sea. He was a DFO scientist and so has inside knowledge that cannot be come by unless the insider reveals what he knows. This includes the 1990s and 2000s. See: https://www.amazon.ca/Stain-Upon-Sea-Salmon-Farming/dp/1550173170.

Sunday, 29 April 2018

Auditor General: DFO, You Don't Cut It, Wake Up

The federal Auditor General recently put out a report on fish farming in Canada, finding DFO is badly remiss, and failing its responsibilities. Below you will find some text of the summary and comments.
The website for the entire report is: http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/att__e_42999.html.

Quote:

 "Report 1—Salmon Farming

What we examined (see Focus of the audit)

Salmon farming, also referred to as salmon aquaculture, is the farming of salmon for commercial purposes. In Canada, it is carried out primarily along the coasts of British Columbia and the Atlantic provinces. In 2016, the salmon aquaculture industry in Canada was valued at $1 billion."

Comment: 1. This fails to even consider that the industry should be on land.  2. The BC industry was $469 M in 2013 and the east is smaller, so my question is: who drew up this figure? DFO? Fish Farms? It is an important issue as DFO/Fish Farms can be as much as 300% higher than other sources. 3. Here is a post on the various issues in fish farms. It received several thousand page views when first put up. It has the Sea Around Us document as link 7 on the issue of fish farms killing fish rather than providing them: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/01/fish-farm-spin-dc-reid-read-this.html.
Quote: "Canada is the fourth largest producer of farmed salmon after Norway, Chile, and the United Kingdom. The Canadian salmon farming industry is considered to have significant potential for growth due to Canada’s long coastline, cold water temperatures, and proximity to the United States market."

Comment: 1. Canada may be a distant fourth. Norway is over a million metric tonnes per year, Chile about half that - when not being destroyed by sequential catastrophes, while BC is less than 100,000 MT. 2. The real reason that fish farms have come to Canada is that they were unhappy with the stiffer regulations in Norway, and thus looked for places around the world where the laws were weaker. That included Canada, Chile, Scotland, etc. I follow almost 20 countries every day that have fish farms, and they all have the same problems everyone else has. 3. Proximity was a good thing, particularly as Norway was charged a 26% duty for dumping fish in the USA, until a couple of years ago, when the duty was rescinded. Last year, it dumped smaller fish in the USA, choosing to harvest them, rather than have lice eat them. Note that they did it against their own operations in Canada. Furthermore, with the huge Atlantic Sapphire plant being built in Florida, and several other on land farms in the USA, the BC industry is likely to fail. 4. Atlantic Canada has too cold water and superchill kills fish farm fish during colder months. 5. The public on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Canada are dead set against in-ocean fish farms. The protest just continues growing, for them to be put on land.
Quote: "This audit focused on whether Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency managed the risks associated with salmon aquaculture in a manner that protected wild fish."

Comment: I could go for days on this one, but I'd say that DFO has done little, and leave it at that.

Quote: "Why we did this audit

This audit is important because salmon aquaculture is a growing industry in Canada that provides an important source of fish, given declining wild fish stocks. Globally, aquaculture now provides half of all fish for human consumption. Raising farmed salmon in net pens in the ocean has potential effects on wild fish that need to be understood and addressed, as appropriate."

Comment: 1. The reason that fish stocks are declining is that the fish farm industry has destroyed 19 of the top 20 global forage fish stocks in the world. See the Sea Around Us document, Daniel Pauley/Tim Cashion. 2. The reason salmonids are declining, is: lack of habitat restoration, DFO, fish farms and climate change. We need to put fish farms on land, to stop the decline. 3. As for science, it has been ongoing in BC for the past 30 years, and around the world for as much as 50 years, without solving anything. 4. We don't need more science, just put fish farms on land. And raise a herbivore rather than a carnivore, and thus a net positive gain in protein in the world. 5. The facts are that fish farms take the fish out of the mouths of the third world and feed them to a fish for the mouths of first world because they are the only people who can afford them. This is in the Sea Around Us document.

Quote: "What we concluded

"We concluded that Fisheries and Oceans Canada did not adequately manage the risks associated with salmon aquaculture consistent with its mandate to protect wild fish. Although the Department had some measures to control the spread of infectious diseases and parasites to wild fish in British Columbia, it had not made sufficient progress in completing the risk assessments for key diseases that were required to understand the effects of salmon aquaculture on wild fish. It also had not defined how it would manage aquaculture in a precautionary manner in the face of scientific uncertainty. Moreover, the Department did not adequately enforce compliance with aquaculture regulations to protect wild fish.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency had measures to prevent the introduction and spread of infectious diseases with respect to aquaculture. However, the Department and the Agency had not clarified roles and responsibilities for managing emerging diseases. This lack of clarification created a risk that potential emerging diseases affecting wild salmon would not be adequately addressed."
Comment: 1. This speaks for itself, and you will find lots of posts on this site, that list the problems with DFO and the CFIA, particularly the fraudulent signing a contract with BCMAL because they thought it would bring back a negative answer regarding diseases in BC. Here is one of those posts: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/09/canadian-food-inspection-agency.html.

Quote: "Overall, we found that Fisheries and Oceans Canada had not made sufficient progress in completing risk assessments for key diseases, which were required to assess the effects of salmon farming on wild fish.

This finding matters because the Department committed to conducting scientific studies and assessments to understand the effects of aquaculture on wild fish.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should conduct its planned disease risk assessments by 2020 to increase its knowledge of the effects of aquaculture on wild salmon, as it committed to doing in its response to the Cohen Commission report." 

Comment: 1. There is the Kristi Miller lab looking into testing 45 different pathogens at one time and that is good. On the other hand, science is a trap. It hasn't lead to taking fish farms out of the water in any of the 20 countries that I follow daily. Yet, people from Norway to Tasmania hate fish farms. 2. Yes, the Cohen Commission has not been answered to, even though DFO says it has made 'progress'. 3. The Auditor General asked me to do an Environmental Petition on fish farms in 2013, and this is it, with DFO responding with mush: http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/pet_353_e_39110.html.

Quote: "Preventing the spread of infectious diseases and parasites

Overall, we found that although Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency had put in place some measures to mitigate the spread of infectious diseases and parasites from farmed salmon, key elements were missing. For example, Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s program for auditing the health of farmed salmon in British Columbia was out of date, and the Department had limited laboratory capacity to provide timely surveillance test results. In addition, the Department and the Agency had not clarified roles and responsibilities for managing emerging disease risks to mitigate the potential impacts of salmon farming on wild fish.
This finding matters because diseases and parasites present in salmon farms in the ocean may pose a risk to wild fish.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency should clarify their roles and responsibilities for managing emerging disease risks to mitigate the potential impacts of salmon farming on wild fish.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should determine and communicate how it applies the precautionary approach to managing aquaculture when there is uncertainty about the effects of aquaculture on wild fish. The Department should also clearly articulate the level of risk to wild fish that it accepts when enabling the aquaculture industry." 
Comment: 1. Just so you know, the first fish farm disease, that we know about, BKD, or Bacterial Kidney Disease, hit chum salmon in the Broughton Archipelago in 1989, Viner River (See: A Stain Upon The Sea, page 202). That is 30 years of diseases. 2. If DFO and CFIA have yet to sort out their roles, this means that there are years to go before moving to the science stage, that will go on for decades and not lead anywhere. 3. I agree with the recommendation on the precautionary principle and 'clear articulation' that DFO is managing Pacific salmon into extinction, something that has been going on for 40 years. 4. Currently DFO is not requiring testing for PRV, that causes HSMI, and it actively suing Alex Morton, so it can pass the responsibility to fish farms in BC, who currently have more than 80% of their fish/smolts with PRV. And, of course, there is a Norwegian strain of ISA in BC, that DFO doesn't know about.

Quote: "Controlling the effects of drugs and pesticides

Overall, we found that Fisheries and Oceans Canada did not conduct adequate analysis to know whether its rules for drug and pesticide deposits at salmon farms would minimize harm to wild fish. In addition, the Department did not define limits on the amount of drugs or pesticides that could be deposited, or confirm the accuracy of information self-reported by aquaculture companies.
This finding matters because drugs and pesticides used in aquaculture operations can harm wild fish, especially those living on the ocean floor.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should establish thresholds for the deposit of drugs and pesticides into net pens to more effectively minimize harm to wild fish.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should develop and implement an approach to validate the accuracy of information that aquaculture companies report regarding their drug and pesticide deposits."
Comment: This sounds good, but means that laws, that fish farms say are strict are actually full of holes. You will find a half dozen articles on this site on the weak laws in Canada. Even in Norway, where fish farms left, the piles of fecal matter can be 15 metres deep under fish farms, and fish farm companies left there because the laws were too strict. Furthermore, DFO has said it wants to have a new Aquaculture Act, even while it wants to hand control of things over to fish farms, like these two issues. Note that Cermaq has just been given approval for using 2 million litres of hydrogen peroxide as a lice killer in Clayoquot Sound, BC. The reference for this is in the current BAD NEWS BITES post: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/03/bad-news-bites.html.

Here is a post on weak laws in Canada. There are a half dozen on this site. Here is a round up Post: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2017/04/the-strictest-laws-in-world-wrong.html.

Quote: "Controlling fish escapes

Overall, we found that Fisheries and Oceans Canada had not set a national standard for the quality and maintenance of equipment, such as nets and anchoring systems, to reduce the risk of fish escapes.
This finding matters because preventing fish escapes is important to minimize the risk of causing negative genetic effects in wild salmon. This is especially important in Atlantic Canada, where escaped farmed salmon have begun to interbreed with declining wild salmon populations.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should initiate discussions with its counterparts in the Atlantic provinces to address the quality and maintenance of equipment on salmon farms to prevent fish escapes."

Comment:  I have written a half dozen posts on this site on the issue of escapes/leakage - Volpe as well as Langer. The typical rates found in the science for escape/leakage range from .3% to 5%. How big is that? Well, in BC at the lowest rate it is a huge number of fish: 85 farms X 600,000 fish/farm X .3% = 153,000 farmed fish per crop. It actually could be much higher than this, as the most recent fish farm industry stats show about 115 farms operating. Still this is a staggering number and Volpe has shown that of rivers with multiple salmonid species in them, 97% of Van Isle rivers have farmed salmon. This is shocking.

See this post on DFO's attempt to not help the scientists, and to 'fib' on the escape issue: https://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2018/03/dfo-fibs-on-farmed-salmon-escapes-bc.html.

5. In Atlantic Canada, every river within 300 km of a fish farm has farmed Atlantics in it, that's how bad the situation is. 

Quote: "Enforcing and reporting on compliance

Overall, we found that the Department did not sufficiently enforce its Aquaculture Activities Regulations to minimize harm to wild fish. It also did not always publish detailed or up-to-date information about such matters as disease outbreaks.
This finding matters because enforcement is important to ensuring that aquaculture companies are complying with regulations designed to protect wild fish. Publishing information about disease outbreaks and compliance with regulations is important to building public confidence in government regulation of the industry.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should more effectively enforce aquaculture regulations and pursue additional enforcement measures.
Recommendation. Fisheries and Oceans Canada should provide timely public reports with detailed information on companies’ drug and pesticide deposits, and on the health of farmed fish in British Columbia."

Comment:  If you read Randy Nelson's Poachers, Polluters and Politics, (2014) you will find that DFO  never did and does not now have enough enforcement officers to do the job. Nelson is a former Director of Conservation and Protection, with DFO. So the AG's suggestion is good, but don't think DFO will do anything about it.

End of Summary: Entity Responses to Recommendations

The audited entities agree with our recommendations, and have responded (see List of Recommendations).

Related Information

Report of the
Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development
Type of product
Topics
Entities
Completion date
21 December 2017
Tabling date
24 April 2018
Related audits

For more information

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