Wednesday, 20 August 2014

Escaped Farmed Salmon/Trout in Norway

A major new report has tallied up the losses of salmon and rainbow trout from escapes in the country where fish farms started - Norway. Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood that operate in BC all originate in Norway.

What are the losses? If you can believe it, 16.3% of of farmed salmon and 18.3% of rainbow trout escaped from fish farms.

These companies operate in BC. If they lose fish at the same rate they do in Norway, the roughly 48,000,000 BC farmed salmon (80 farms times 600,000 fish per farm) that would mean 7.68 million farmed fish would be lost in BC every year.

That is a huge number, exceeding losses in Chile - typically 4 million per year, also far below the numbers from Norway. Something wrong is happening in Norway.

Read the science: http://www.mattilsynet.no/fisk_og_akvakultur/fiskevelferd/tap_av_oppdrettsfisk_kartlagt.15427

Global Fish Farm Environmental Degradation - The Third World

Abstract: The Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) has engaged in development research to address the challenges that population growth, environmental degradation and climate change are having on aquatic agricultural systems. - See more at: http://www.thefishsite.com/articles/1936/increasing-productivity-and-improving-livelihoods-in-aquatic-agricultural-systems-a-review-of-interventions#sthash.vmWGVZmW.dpuf

This scientific study on the aquaculture/agriculture potential in the poorest nations in the world, shows that environmental degradation is reducing nations with the 700 million poorest aqua-farm families in the world, abilities to make enough food. This is a critical problem.

Fish farms as we know then in the first world use the ocean as a free open sewer and have a high environmental impact, including using the fish meal that should be used in poorer countries to feed people. This study shows that even in subsistence farming there is a high environmental damage.

This means that fish farms around the world, in rich and poor countries, need to move on to land, something that is far more easily achievable in the first world because of the ability of consumers to pay, and their growing preference for environmentally sound farming methods.



NZ Talley Says Only Future for Farmed Fish is On-land

It is quite surprising to see one of NZs large farming/meat/seafood/vegetable bosses saying unequivocably that there is no future for fish farms in the world's ocean waters.

Peter Talley has this to say: "The future in aquaculture is not going to be out in the wild. Land-based installations farming finfish, that's where it will be."

See: : http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23882/talley-group-boss-claims-future-of-aquaculture-oversold#sthash.2QXHZUdw.dpuf. While the fishsite is a fish farm news site, they do publish a few articles on the downsides of fish farming. It is a good source of news on a daily basis.

So if you are looking for very current info, that is freely available, go to their site.

This article shows that NZ, is finding what other nations with fish farms have found: that the industry spin, seldom reflects reality. You will know that here in BC, Canada, fish farms say they have 6000 jobs. Even DFO came up with an inflated figure recently of 3700. It upsized the BC Stats report that noted only 1700 multiplier effect jobs.

I found out that BC fish farms have only 795 actual jobs. That is how small fish farms are in BC. All of aquaculture, contributes only $61.9 million to the BC economy - GPP. Sport fishing, on the other hand is 10 times larger with more than $606 million contributed to gross provincial product.

Go see my post on the 69 on-land fish farm systems I have found around the world, representing more than 8,000 actual on land farms: fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2012/01/key-document-34-mostly-on-land-closed.html.

Every job Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Food says it has can be divided by 7.5 to find the real number, or, stated another way, the actual jobs in BC fish farms are only 13.25% of what fish farms claim.




See thefishsit

Thursday, 10 July 2014

ISA in Canada - 2013, 2014

Sadly, here is the ISA in Canada in the past year and a half. ISA is the worst disease of farmed fish. It originated in Norway, where Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood are from. It was a freshwater virus that fish farms picked up and became a saltwater virus.

Then it has been spread to most of the rest of the world, for example, Chile, where Aquagen took it for the other Norwegian companies, and then sued the Norwegian scientist Are Nylund (one of two global labs for determining ISA) for determining that it had transferred it to the South Pacific Ocean on salmon eggs. This is why the world knows that Aquagen took it to Chile as Nylund was not found to be incorrect, and news coverage followed the case. Had there been no case, no one would have known it had been transferred, fish farms are that secretive. Aquagen made a mistake.

Chile then had a $2 billion fish farm meltdown - a quarter of a billion dead fish, and local tribes people lost 13,000 to 26, 000 jobs - and has never been clear of ISA since 2008. Norway has had ISA since the '80s when the fish farms propagated it. For example, July 10, 2014, ISA was identified in Norway: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23571/cermaq-detects-isa-virus-at-langyhovden-farm.

You will note, below, where the Canadian Food Inspection Agency says certain strains are not known to cause disease. There are two things to be said about this: the CFIA was shown not to be able to find ISA due to its lab shortcomings during the Cohen Commission, and they have simply ignored the 1200 page document; and ISA is propagated on fish, reproducing until it turns into a virulent strain. No fish farms, no ISA in our oceans.

ISA kills wild Pacific salmon and should not have been allowed into BC by DFO in the 1980s and 1990s. There is plenty of science now that confirms, sadly, that ISA is in BC - Kibenge, Nylund, Miller, for example. Only DFO, the CFIA and fish farms maintain the fiction that ISA is not in BC.

The global pattern for fish farms is to deny ISA is present, and then finally, when they can claim nothing differently: "Oh, well, darn, ISA is here now, we'll just have to learn to live with it." We in BC expect more of our governments and government agencies, but we are not getting it.

The CFIA budget, for example, is $740 million. It can simply ignore a small $26 Million commission that took three years and the December diseases testimony - this is in the transcripts and video - into fish farm diseases, and the CFIA shortcomings, it's poor Kim Klotins, cornered into having to admit the CFIA doesn't want to find ISA because it ruins the export possibilities of farmed salmon. It just ignores this on-the-record evidence of its refusal to admit ISA is in BC.

2013

Dec 6      NL*
Dec 5      NL*
Nov 7      NL
Oct 25     NB*
Oct 25     NB*
Oct 18     NB*
Oct 10     NB*
July 26     NL*
July 15     NB*
July 4       NL
July 4       NL
Jun  5       NL
May 29     NL*
May 29     NL*
Apr 12      NL&L*
Apr 12      NL&L*
Jan 10      NB*

2014

Jun 23     NB*
Jun 23     NB*
Jun 23     NS*
May 27   NB*
Feb 2      NB*

Here is the CFIA link for you to look for yourself: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/aquatic-animals/diseases/reportable/2014/eng/1339174937153/1339175227861.

Thursday, 3 July 2014

New Aquaculture Regulations in Canada - Very Sad for Wild Pacific Salmon

From thefishsite, which is a good global source of news on fish farms. It is a sad day in BC that DFO in Ottawa well over 3000 miles away, is bringing in new regulations to allow the Norwegian fish farms to set up in our pristine ocean wilderness. With some comments:

CANADA - Minister Gail Shea of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans has announced new national Aquaculture Activities Regulations, which she says will modernise and streamline the regulatory environment for aquaculture in Canada.

1. The problem here is that fish farms like to say they operate under the most stringent environmental laws in the world, in every country they operate in. Marine Harvest is in 22 countries, and so the claim is not true. If you look back in recent posts here, you will find that the problem is that the Norwegian parents of the BC industry are moving into the USA and, own much of the Chilean industry and they will eliminate most of the BC industry's market, as 85% goes to the USA. Canadians won't eat farmed fish.

Jeremy Dunn, Executive Director of the BC Salmon Farmers Association, commented: “Salmon farmers in British Columbia have been asking for a modernised regulation of our farming practices for a number of years and are happy to see the Minister’s announcement.

2. Just after companies make the claim of most stringent laws they come right back saying the laws are too strict and they have to be weakened, or jobs will fly. This is what is happening in Canada. Look at the Nancy Greene posts in the past couple of months on this site. The BC industry is flat-lined.

“We expect the new regulation will formalise our current farming methods, encourage positive environmental practices, reduce red tape, and bring all government departments and agencies onto the same page. We look forward to the next steps ahead in formalising the new regulation.”

3. Look at this report on what the Norwegian companies are doing in their own country, Norway: http://www.nmf.no/files/dokumenter/PDF/ORIGINAL_LAKSERAPPORTEN_LOWRES.pdf. One thing, they produce more sewage than the entire human population of Norway. The wild fish in the sea are so 'lifeless' that when caught they have to be starved for awhile before processing, and bring a lower price, because they are so bloated and oily with fish farm feed, that falls from the netpens. Do read the sewage pages, p6-8.

There are currently 120 licensed salmon farms in British Columbia (BC), with about 60 per cent active at any one time, producing an annual harvest of 70,000 metric tons. Salmon raised in BC waters is the province’s largest agricultural export and accounts for C$800 million towards the British Columbia economy. Salmon aquaculture is a diversified industry, which results in 6,000 jobs (direct, indirect and induced) in coastal communities, over 20 per cent of which are held by First Nations peoples.

4. There are 125 licences in BC, with 64% with fish, 75 - 80 farms. The best recent year is 83,000 metric tonnes. The BC Stats report, the only trustable stats, says that fish farms, with all of aquaculture, contributes a measly $61.9 M to the BC economy, that's all. There are only 1700 jobs across the economy for fish farms, in multiplier. The actual employment is a very tiny 795 jobs. That is how insignificant they are to the BC economy. Sport fishing is, more than $936 Million GPP contribution and 8400 jobs. My post on the BC Stats Report:  http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2013/02/sport-fishing-how-we-tack-up-feb-6-2013.html

Fish farms revenue is less than half, and only 21% of the total, at $469 Million.

BC salmon farmers have well established markets for products in the United States and Asia and are working to meet a growing demand. Farmed seafood accounts for 50 per cent of current global consumption and the United Nations estimates that aquaculture will supply close to 75 per cent of all seafood by 2030.

5. As before, it's 85% to the USA and that leaves only 15%, so Asian markets, that are growing their own seafood, are small. The BC's industry sales in the USA will shortly be pretty much eliminated by their own parent companies from Norway that have just had a 26% tariff taken off to the States, and will both sell into the market from Norway, against the interests of their own operations in BC, and is setting up shop in the USA right now. The NOAA report on fish farms sounds like they gave it to Cermaq, Marine Harvest, Grieg Seafood and the Norwegian government to write. The BC industry is in much trouble. And, the spot prices on salmon have just dipped for the second quarter of 2014, making things even tougher.

- See more at: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23536/british-columbias-salmon-farmers-welcome-new-regulations#sthash.Qy39f4D5.dpuf

Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Kuterra - Land Based Farmed Salmon

See this link: http://www.namgis.bc.ca/ccp/Pages/default.aspx.

It is worth reading because it gives a very thorough overview of land-based fish farming. The Namgis First Nation on Vancouver Island have successfully grown farmed Atlantic salmon on land, and because of its positive environmental footprint Sobey's/Safeway Canada will buy their product, while they will not buy in-ocean net-pen salmon produced by Marine Harvest, Cermaq an Grieg-seafood because of its overwhelmingly negative environmental damage.

Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood are old-tech dinosaurs that use our oceans as free, open sewers for their sewage and diseases. On-land, recirculating systems - my list now has 69 different ones, comprising more than 8100 farms around the world - are the way of the future. The Norwegians, by refusing to change, are simply destroying their own businesses. That includes their farms in BC, and their very few jobs. 

Tuesday, 3 June 2014

DFO and Nancy Greene Want Fish Farms in BC? We Don't Want Them In Our Ocean

Dear Gail Shea

With your Pacific Region Marine Finfish Integrated Management of Aquaculture Plan, 2013 arriving on my desk today, I have to protest your considering more fish farms in BC.

You have not responded to Cohen yet and this is a deep, long-term resentment for BC. In this context, your getting senators to express positive things, and the ‘insouciant’ Nancy Greene Raine, a BC resident no less, what you are doing is reprehensible. More than 100,000 BC residents have signed a petition to get the farms out of the water. Don’t you get this?

But here is also what is happening right now here: BC is dead against the Northern Gateway Pipeline, dead against the Kinder Morgan pipeline, both of which are seen as the rest of Canada pushing oil and its problems down  BC throats – meaning Alberta, Harper, TROC and you. The Site C dam is also a big environmental issue here, but a made in BC issue, that is hot right now. And fracking is Clark’s big thing, but the rest of us are dead against our water being destroyed. Oh, and Obama is lowering emissions 30%. And you? Not so much.

In addition, the USA NAFTA Panel has agreed to investigate the Canadian government’s refusal to protect wild salmon in BC because of its conflict of interest with fish farms. And the BC alliance of aboriginal chiefs, some 80 First Nations, has finally come out completely against in-ocean fish farms. And then there is the Namgis Kuterra on-land salmon that Safeway will now buy. In-ocean fish farms are technological dinosaurs and toast.

What does it take to convince you that BC will not put up with more fish farms in our ocean?

Go to my www.fishfarmnews.blogspot.com site for a summary of 15,000 pages of fish farm environmental damage science. There are two documents that went to Nancy Greene, who is in the process of destroying her own name in BC - I am sorry to have to say it as it is: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2014/05/nancy-greene-raine-and-federal-senators.html; and, http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2014/04/nancy-greene-raine-fish-farms-what.html.

The BC Stats report noted in the pieces shows conclusively that fish farms are flat-lined in BC, and it’s because no one here will eat the stuff, and it has to be exported to the USA. But there, with the removal of a 26% duty, the Norwegian companies that own 90% of BC fish farm will be exporting from Norway against the interests of their own BC operations, as well as setting up shop in the USA. BC fish farms are toast and it is their own companies that are doing it to them. It has nothing to do with the 'strictness of the laws' as you have claimed – it’s the companies themselves. You can’t grow what can’t be sold. Oh, and that BC Stats doc is your own DFO document that you paid for but don’t use anymore than you do Cohen’s 1200 page tome. Use them.

The BC Stats report has the only trustable stats out there. And I have since ferreted out that there are actually only 795 actual fish farm jobs in BC with the sewage damage of $10.4 billion. How can you possibly support what is so dramatically net negative to the BC economy? We in BC just don’t want these in our ocean anymore, with their diseases and etc. Put them in Ottawa, if you want them. We don’t want them.

And you do remember that BC is where Greenpeace was born don’t you? BC is Canada’s environmental heart and home to our iconic wild Pacific salmon. All ten species of salmonids are threatened by in-ocean fish farms. Do the right thing and take them out of the water.

Sorry to be so harsh, but I have never met a single BC resident who thinks fish farms should be in the ocean. I have never met NGR, but have hope for her, too.

DC Reid

One further comment: if you read the DFO report, it takes the BC Stats multiplier figure of 1700 jobs, and more than doubles it to over 3900. Sure.