Thursday, 10 July 2014

ISA in Canada - 2013, 2014

Sadly, here is the ISA in Canada in the past year and a half. ISA is the worst disease of farmed fish. It originated in Norway, where Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood are from. It was a freshwater virus that fish farms picked up and became a saltwater virus.

Then it has been spread to most of the rest of the world, for example, Chile, where Aquagen took it for the other Norwegian companies, and then sued the Norwegian scientist Are Nylund (one of two global labs for determining ISA) for determining that it had transferred it to the South Pacific Ocean on salmon eggs. This is why the world knows that Aquagen took it to Chile as Nylund was not found to be incorrect, and news coverage followed the case. Had there been no case, no one would have known it had been transferred, fish farms are that secretive. Aquagen made a mistake.

Chile then had a $2 billion fish farm meltdown - a quarter of a billion dead fish, and local tribes people lost 13,000 to 26, 000 jobs - and has never been clear of ISA since 2008. Norway has had ISA since the '80s when the fish farms propagated it. For example, July 10, 2014, ISA was identified in Norway: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23571/cermaq-detects-isa-virus-at-langyhovden-farm.

You will note, below, where the Canadian Food Inspection Agency says certain strains are not known to cause disease. There are two things to be said about this: the CFIA was shown not to be able to find ISA due to its lab shortcomings during the Cohen Commission, and they have simply ignored the 1200 page document; and ISA is propagated on fish, reproducing until it turns into a virulent strain. No fish farms, no ISA in our oceans.

ISA kills wild Pacific salmon and should not have been allowed into BC by DFO in the 1980s and 1990s. There is plenty of science now that confirms, sadly, that ISA is in BC - Kibenge, Nylund, Miller, for example. Only DFO, the CFIA and fish farms maintain the fiction that ISA is not in BC.

The global pattern for fish farms is to deny ISA is present, and then finally, when they can claim nothing differently: "Oh, well, darn, ISA is here now, we'll just have to learn to live with it." We in BC expect more of our governments and government agencies, but we are not getting it.

The CFIA budget, for example, is $740 million. It can simply ignore a small $26 Million commission that took three years and the December diseases testimony - this is in the transcripts and video - into fish farm diseases, and the CFIA shortcomings, it's poor Kim Klotins, cornered into having to admit the CFIA doesn't want to find ISA because it ruins the export possibilities of farmed salmon. It just ignores this on-the-record evidence of its refusal to admit ISA is in BC.

2013

Dec 6      NL*
Dec 5      NL*
Nov 7      NL
Oct 25     NB*
Oct 25     NB*
Oct 18     NB*
Oct 10     NB*
July 26     NL*
July 15     NB*
July 4       NL
July 4       NL
Jun  5       NL
May 29     NL*
May 29     NL*
Apr 12      NL&L*
Apr 12      NL&L*
Jan 10      NB*

2014

Jun 23     NB*
Jun 23     NB*
Jun 23     NS*
May 27   NB*
Feb 2      NB*

Here is the CFIA link for you to look for yourself: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/aquatic-animals/diseases/reportable/2014/eng/1339174937153/1339175227861.

Thursday, 3 July 2014

New Aquaculture Regulations in Canada - Very Sad for Wild Pacific Salmon

From thefishsite, which is a good global source of news on fish farms. It is a sad day in BC that DFO in Ottawa well over 3000 miles away, is bringing in new regulations to allow the Norwegian fish farms to set up in our pristine ocean wilderness. With some comments:

CANADA - Minister Gail Shea of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans has announced new national Aquaculture Activities Regulations, which she says will modernise and streamline the regulatory environment for aquaculture in Canada.

1. The problem here is that fish farms like to say they operate under the most stringent environmental laws in the world, in every country they operate in. Marine Harvest is in 22 countries, and so the claim is not true. If you look back in recent posts here, you will find that the problem is that the Norwegian parents of the BC industry are moving into the USA and, own much of the Chilean industry and they will eliminate most of the BC industry's market, as 85% goes to the USA. Canadians won't eat farmed fish.

Jeremy Dunn, Executive Director of the BC Salmon Farmers Association, commented: “Salmon farmers in British Columbia have been asking for a modernised regulation of our farming practices for a number of years and are happy to see the Minister’s announcement.

2. Just after companies make the claim of most stringent laws they come right back saying the laws are too strict and they have to be weakened, or jobs will fly. This is what is happening in Canada. Look at the Nancy Greene posts in the past couple of months on this site. The BC industry is flat-lined.

“We expect the new regulation will formalise our current farming methods, encourage positive environmental practices, reduce red tape, and bring all government departments and agencies onto the same page. We look forward to the next steps ahead in formalising the new regulation.”

3. Look at this report on what the Norwegian companies are doing in their own country, Norway: http://www.nmf.no/files/dokumenter/PDF/ORIGINAL_LAKSERAPPORTEN_LOWRES.pdf. One thing, they produce more sewage than the entire human population of Norway. The wild fish in the sea are so 'lifeless' that when caught they have to be starved for awhile before processing, and bring a lower price, because they are so bloated and oily with fish farm feed, that falls from the netpens. Do read the sewage pages, p6-8.

There are currently 120 licensed salmon farms in British Columbia (BC), with about 60 per cent active at any one time, producing an annual harvest of 70,000 metric tons. Salmon raised in BC waters is the province’s largest agricultural export and accounts for C$800 million towards the British Columbia economy. Salmon aquaculture is a diversified industry, which results in 6,000 jobs (direct, indirect and induced) in coastal communities, over 20 per cent of which are held by First Nations peoples.

4. There are 125 licences in BC, with 64% with fish, 75 - 80 farms. The best recent year is 83,000 metric tonnes. The BC Stats report, the only trustable stats, says that fish farms, with all of aquaculture, contributes a measly $61.9 M to the BC economy, that's all. There are only 1700 jobs across the economy for fish farms, in multiplier. The actual employment is a very tiny 795 jobs. That is how insignificant they are to the BC economy. Sport fishing is, more than $936 Million GPP contribution and 8400 jobs. My post on the BC Stats Report:  http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2013/02/sport-fishing-how-we-tack-up-feb-6-2013.html

Fish farms revenue is less than half, and only 21% of the total, at $469 Million.

BC salmon farmers have well established markets for products in the United States and Asia and are working to meet a growing demand. Farmed seafood accounts for 50 per cent of current global consumption and the United Nations estimates that aquaculture will supply close to 75 per cent of all seafood by 2030.

5. As before, it's 85% to the USA and that leaves only 15%, so Asian markets, that are growing their own seafood, are small. The BC's industry sales in the USA will shortly be pretty much eliminated by their own parent companies from Norway that have just had a 26% tariff taken off to the States, and will both sell into the market from Norway, against the interests of their own operations in BC, and is setting up shop in the USA right now. The NOAA report on fish farms sounds like they gave it to Cermaq, Marine Harvest, Grieg Seafood and the Norwegian government to write. The BC industry is in much trouble. And, the spot prices on salmon have just dipped for the second quarter of 2014, making things even tougher.

- See more at: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/23536/british-columbias-salmon-farmers-welcome-new-regulations#sthash.Qy39f4D5.dpuf

Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Kuterra - Land Based Farmed Salmon

See this link: http://www.namgis.bc.ca/ccp/Pages/default.aspx.

It is worth reading because it gives a very thorough overview of land-based fish farming. The Namgis First Nation on Vancouver Island have successfully grown farmed Atlantic salmon on land, and because of its positive environmental footprint Sobey's/Safeway Canada will buy their product, while they will not buy in-ocean net-pen salmon produced by Marine Harvest, Cermaq an Grieg-seafood because of its overwhelmingly negative environmental damage.

Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood are old-tech dinosaurs that use our oceans as free, open sewers for their sewage and diseases. On-land, recirculating systems - my list now has 69 different ones, comprising more than 8100 farms around the world - are the way of the future. The Norwegians, by refusing to change, are simply destroying their own businesses. That includes their farms in BC, and their very few jobs. 

Tuesday, 3 June 2014

DFO and Nancy Greene Want Fish Farms in BC? We Don't Want Them In Our Ocean

Dear Gail Shea

With your Pacific Region Marine Finfish Integrated Management of Aquaculture Plan, 2013 arriving on my desk today, I have to protest your considering more fish farms in BC.

You have not responded to Cohen yet and this is a deep, long-term resentment for BC. In this context, your getting senators to express positive things, and the ‘insouciant’ Nancy Greene Raine, a BC resident no less, what you are doing is reprehensible. More than 100,000 BC residents have signed a petition to get the farms out of the water. Don’t you get this?

But here is also what is happening right now here: BC is dead against the Northern Gateway Pipeline, dead against the Kinder Morgan pipeline, both of which are seen as the rest of Canada pushing oil and its problems down  BC throats – meaning Alberta, Harper, TROC and you. The Site C dam is also a big environmental issue here, but a made in BC issue, that is hot right now. And fracking is Clark’s big thing, but the rest of us are dead against our water being destroyed. Oh, and Obama is lowering emissions 30%. And you? Not so much.

In addition, the USA NAFTA Panel has agreed to investigate the Canadian government’s refusal to protect wild salmon in BC because of its conflict of interest with fish farms. And the BC alliance of aboriginal chiefs, some 80 First Nations, has finally come out completely against in-ocean fish farms. And then there is the Namgis Kuterra on-land salmon that Safeway will now buy. In-ocean fish farms are technological dinosaurs and toast.

What does it take to convince you that BC will not put up with more fish farms in our ocean?

Go to my www.fishfarmnews.blogspot.com site for a summary of 15,000 pages of fish farm environmental damage science. There are two documents that went to Nancy Greene, who is in the process of destroying her own name in BC - I am sorry to have to say it as it is: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2014/05/nancy-greene-raine-and-federal-senators.html; and, http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2014/04/nancy-greene-raine-fish-farms-what.html.

The BC Stats report noted in the pieces shows conclusively that fish farms are flat-lined in BC, and it’s because no one here will eat the stuff, and it has to be exported to the USA. But there, with the removal of a 26% duty, the Norwegian companies that own 90% of BC fish farm will be exporting from Norway against the interests of their own BC operations, as well as setting up shop in the USA. BC fish farms are toast and it is their own companies that are doing it to them. It has nothing to do with the 'strictness of the laws' as you have claimed – it’s the companies themselves. You can’t grow what can’t be sold. Oh, and that BC Stats doc is your own DFO document that you paid for but don’t use anymore than you do Cohen’s 1200 page tome. Use them.

The BC Stats report has the only trustable stats out there. And I have since ferreted out that there are actually only 795 actual fish farm jobs in BC with the sewage damage of $10.4 billion. How can you possibly support what is so dramatically net negative to the BC economy? We in BC just don’t want these in our ocean anymore, with their diseases and etc. Put them in Ottawa, if you want them. We don’t want them.

And you do remember that BC is where Greenpeace was born don’t you? BC is Canada’s environmental heart and home to our iconic wild Pacific salmon. All ten species of salmonids are threatened by in-ocean fish farms. Do the right thing and take them out of the water.

Sorry to be so harsh, but I have never met a single BC resident who thinks fish farms should be in the ocean. I have never met NGR, but have hope for her, too.

DC Reid

One further comment: if you read the DFO report, it takes the BC Stats multiplier figure of 1700 jobs, and more than doubles it to over 3900. Sure. 

Sunday, 1 June 2014

Consumers Will Only Buy Closed-Containment Salmon - Goodbye Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood

The Atlantic Salmon Foundation has done a closed-containment symposium in April 2014. This follows up on the Virginia symposium last September, 2013 on closed-containment, recirculating, on-land fish farms - look in previous Fishfarmnews articles for the Tides Canada site that will let you read the 50 presentations on closed-containment. Their on-land closed-system, like the Namgis on Vancouver Island, was about to sell their first crop, when, unfortunately, the power went out and killed the lot. However, this article shows that US consumers will pay $13 for this environmentally safe salmon and refuse the in-ocean Norwegian style salmon, because of its environmental impact $4 cheaper. 

The Namgis, however, sold every fish to Safeway in BC and Alberta. People won't buy in-ocean, open-net fish when given the choice. The writing is on the wall for the Norwegian-style industry Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood. In BC, 85% of farmed fish has to be sold in the USA because Canadians won't buy it.


"ASF has documented in peer-reviewed research the loss of the wild salmon run in the Magaguadavic River because of interactions with farmed escapees. The Committee on the Status of Wildlife in Canada, in their advice to government, and the Royal Society of Canada, in their report on biodiversity, have identified salmon aquaculture as a significant threat to endangered and threatened wild salmon populations.


Wednesday, 21 May 2014

Weakenng the Strictest Fish Farm Laws in the World - May 20, 2014

As I pointed out in the Nancy Greene posts a week ago, fish farms like to say they operate under the strictest environmental laws in the world in the individual country they operate in. They have said this in Norway, Scotland, Chile and Canada in the past year. As every country has its own laws, this claim cannot be true. But yet, Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood and their pro-industry websites keep making the erroneous claim.

But what really takes the cake on these claims of the strictest laws, is that no sooner is it out of the company's mouth, then they turn around and claim the laws need to be relaxed because they are too strict. It's an old tactic, standard around the industry, based on the number of times and the many countries where fish farms make the claims then push for weakened environmental laws.

In Canada, though, they don't point out that Canadian laws - not the strictest now - have been gutted in the past year in the omnibus act - egregious in itself - that gutted S35-36 of the Fisheries Act, as well as the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act.

And DFO Minister Gail Shea said the laws were being further weakened - links in the Nancy Greene articles - to allow companies to use more chemicals in raising their fish in our oceans.

So here is the latest - this happens all the time if you follow global fish farm news - in Canada no less: http://www.fishupdate.com/news/fullstory.php/aid/21112/Canada_should_be__world_leader_in_fish_farming__-_call.html.

Here are some words from Ruth Salmon, an industry spokesperson: But, she [Ruth Salmon] warned that production had stagnated since 2000, with 47 per cent of its share in the global aquaculture market, lost to competitor countries which was not where it should be.

Ms Salmon continued: "The cause of what’s holding back aquaculture in Canada is clear: a federal and provincial regulatory system that is complex, uncertain and confusing. The industry has been flat lined by a lack of regulatory consistency and transparency. Investment opportunities have been lost and global competitors have benefited. To put this in perspective, as Canada has stalled, its global competitors have grown by a robust six per cent annually."

Salmon is wrong about BC. The industry has indeed flatlined since about 2004 - in the BC Stats Report in the Nancy Greene posts. What this reflects is that the people of BC don't want fish farms in our water, and so the industry has indeed flatlined (this is what the ADMs in the senate video refer euphemistically to as: the 'social licence'). Also, because Canadians won't eat fish farm fish, they have to be sold in the USA. That market has Chile exporting into it as well, a huge industry, and more recently, Norwegian fish farms have had a 26% duty eliminated, further depressing the BC industry, as their own parent companies, Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood export into the States from Norway.

And the claim that eastern Canada has flat-lined is not true. Go look at the expansion in the past few years in Newfoundland, for instance, and DFO putting $280 million along with $130 million from Newfoundland itself into aquaculture there. Cooke Aquaculture keeps expanding and so on. Just read the news.

This is the BC Stats report which shows the graph of the BC industry flat-lining:  http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/StatisticsBySubject/BusinessIndustry/FisheriesAquacultureHuntingTrapping.aspx.

The section you want to read is p 32 - 35. It shows flat-lining employment with a loss of 10%, falling employee income since 2008 (remember the staff that Marine Harvest let go just before Christmas two years ago), with climbing revenue in current dollars, but flat-lining and falling in real dollars since 2002. Just look at the graphs.


Yes, BC fish farms have and are having a tough time, for two reasons: British Columbians don't want fish farms in our ocean; and their own parent companies are selling into the biggest market for BC fish, the USA. It is Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood that are now causing the BC industry to flatline, and they will continue to do so. In addition, Marine Harvest has recently raised money on the New York Stock Exchange to set up shop in the US, which will heavily impact the BC industry's only good market - 85% of BC product is sold in the USA. Talk about eating your own children. This has nothing to do with the laws in Canada at all.





Tuesday, 6 May 2014

ISA - New Infections - Norway, Chile

There are two current infections of ISA halfway around the world from one another this week.



Chile's use of antibiotics for secondary infections hit the 2008 ISA outbreak level of use in 2013. I suspect we are now looking at another collapse of the Chilean industry. In the last one, a quarter of a billion dead fish had to be disposed of. 13,000 to 26,000 workers lost their jobs.

Go back and look at my ISA table, Friday, October 21, 2011: 2011: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2011/10/isa-infections-world-wide-sine-1984.html.

I missed reporting for one year, so the table would be even longer, but, as is, the table tells the story: fish farms propagate ISA, and other diseases, thereby making virulent strains available for the wild fish that Canadians, Norwegians and so on want safe from fish farm infections.