Tuesday, 10 May 2016

270 On-Land Fish Farm Systems and more than 20,000 actual on-land fish farms around the world - Updated Feb 15, 2019

Scroll down to the list of on-land fish farms. The Updates before the list are useful science documents for anyone who wants to do more reading. In-ocean fish farms are dinosaurs that pollute the ocean causing eutrophication on a massive scale. They need to be on land.

This is the original post I made in Jan 2012 and kept updated into 2016:  http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2012/01/key-document-142-mostly-on-land-closed.html.

I will begin adding new fish farms systems to this post, started May 10, 2016 because I have so many in the original post that blogspot.com is having difficulty adding and saving anymore.

This is the text of the 2012 post:

My list of mostly on-land, closed, most recirculating systems for raising fish now has 142 different systems on it (and the Jan 20, 2016 update below adds thousands of firms in Europe). This represents more than 10,000 actual farms on land, several thousand additional firms and many different species of fish. This is a milestone, and although the Norwegian fish farms, Marine Harvest, Cermaq (Mitsubishi) and Grieg Seafood say it can't be done, they are obviously wrong, and don't want to come out of the water. Enough is enough. We need our governments around the world to take fish farms out of our pristine oceans.

Denmark, for instance, has half its farms as RAS systems - recirculating aquaculture system. Added to the Kenyan system at the bottom (system 73) will bring the current number of on-land farms to 10,000 around the world. Finland never allowed fish farms in its ocean. They all have to be on land.

There is no reason anymore to have old-tech, open-net, in-ocean farms with their environmental degradation problems and open sewage in our pristine oceans. Move forward to the October to December period of 2015 because the Norwegian governement is so angered by in-ocean fish farms that it is awarding free licences for them to set up on land. In ocean licences now go for $9- to $12-million in auction. So the free on-land licences are a significant subsidy as well.

It is time to ask the question: why are fish farms raising Atlantic salmon in BC where there are five species of Pacific salmon? Why are fish farms in the ocean when all their problems can be eliminated on land? Why are fish farms raising carnivores that require the killing of many stocks of ocean fish that should be eaten by people?

Here is a new 2013 document that shows on-land, circulating systems make more money than in-ocean net-pen operationshttp://tidescanada.org/wp-content/uploads/files/salmon/workshop-sept-2013/NEWD1-11TrondRostenandBrianVinci.pdf. It is a very technical document, but worth the effort of crunching through it. You will note that different assumptions give different results, but the last page says it all: production of fish on-land is not more expensive than in-ocean (note that this is stated in the negative based on the initial hypothesis statement)

Here is the CAAR symposium link on other closed containment studies: http://tidescanada.org/salLinkmon/aquaculture-innovation-workshops-and-reports/.

Here is the 2010 report written for SOS Marine Conservation Foundation, Technologies for Viable Salmon Aquaculture: http://www.findonnelly.ca/sites/default/files/Technologies_for_Viable_Salmon_Aquaculture.pdf.

SOS concluded that: there is no technical or economic barrier to closed containment salmon farm aquaculture for the production of salmon. Moreover, B.C. is advantageously provisioned for catalyzing an industrial change and for retaining the new emergent industry in B.C.

Here is the link to the Seachoice on-land circulating systems released April 8, 2013:
http://www.seachoice.org/seachoice-news/canadian-and-u-s-closed-containment-farmers-lead-the-way-in-ocean-friendly-seafood-solutions/.    There are an additional 6 systems here.

Here is a link to a closed containment study at the end of 2014, Dec 27: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2014/12/study-on-land-fish-farm-systems-make.html.

Here is a link to the Kuterra on-land system in BC. This is a good costing document, and retailers realize the difference and will stock Kuterra salmon, but not Marine Harvest, Cermaq nor Grieg Seafood: See this link: http://www.namgis.bc.ca/ccp/Pages/default.aspx.

Note that below these various updates is the list of on-land fish farms

Updated, Feb 5, 2015: In Norway each fish farm must pay $1.69 Million to get a licence. [Now, in Dec 2015, there are those free licences to set up on land.]

In BC, because we have very low fees, ($5171.25 X 130 = $67,000), it means we are subsidizing every farm to the tune of $2 million. What this means is that Norwegian-style fish farms have no argument for not being put on land because of cost. They are subsidized now $2 million.

We taxpayers are subsidizing the entire industry of, say, 130 farms (80 operating at any given time) to the tune of $260 million. This is 400% of the entire aquaculture contribution to GPP of $61.9 Million. Fish farms need to be on land, just like the 10,000 other actual on-land farms around the world.

Note that the Norwegian in-ocean licence of $9 to $12 M, means BC is subsidizing fish farms to the tune of $1.17 to $1.56 Billion to use our pristine ocean as a free open sewer.

See: http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/11/marine-harvest-licenses-idUSL6N0N338Y20140411.

Updated, May, 2015 The Conservation Fund Freshwater Institute (TCFFI), is producing farmed Atlantics in, get this, Norway. See the article which has a link to the research document: http://www.thefishsite.com/articles/2056/trends-in-salmonid-recirculating-aquaculture-systems/.
There is no need for the dinosaur old-tech in-ocean fish farms any more.

Updated, August 20, 2015, AKVA, listed below in number 26, is having its best year ever selling on-land fish farm systems, even in Norway, for Pete's sake: http://www.undercurrentnews.com/2015/08/20/akva-seeing-historically-high-interest-in-land-based-farming-amid-record-quarter-h1/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=d35cf2dd4c-Europe_briefing_Aug_20_2015&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-d35cf2dd4c-92426209.

Update to Oct 1, 2015: Fish 2.0, 2015, a competition for sustainable aquaculture projects. See: http://www.fish20.org/news/9-news/217-fish-2-0-new-prizes-7.

Updated, Oct 3, 2015: Here is a good organization of recirculating aquculture systems, in Norway no less: http://www.nordicras.net/Members/Industry. It is the Nordic Network on Recirculating Aquaculture Systems.

Updated, Oct 7, 2015: Here is a Powerpoint presentation on an on-land farm for rainbow trout in Canada. Most importantly, it gives the financial figures on building, production cycle to harvest: http://www.tidescanada.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Dan_Stechey_-_The_Canadian_Model_Farm_Initiative.pdf.

****Updated, Oct 14, 2015. This is a really great summary Powerpoint presentation of a good 30 on-land RAS systems presented in Nanaimo, BC, Canada, 2015, along with financials and metric tonnes: http://www.palomaquaculture.com/support-files/palom-aquaculture-steve-summerfelt-ras-update-june-5-2015.pdf. The question is: how many is enough on-land fish farms before governments pull all in-ocean farms out of the water for their high environmental damage? After all, the only monetary advantage they have is getting off Scot free from their sewage costs, and those are paid for by us, the public, $10.4 Billion in BC alone. We don't want to pay.

Updated, Oct 17, 2015. To identify any BC in-ocean farm, see this DFO link:  http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/licence-permis/docs/finfish-pisciculture-eng.html.

Updated, Oct 21, 2015: This is a cost-comparison, by Deloitte, of on-land, in-sea, and on-land and in-sea at different ages. The report says that on-land is the way of the future, because capital costs are lower than in-sea models and operating costs will drop, and growing fish at market site reduces shipping costs. It also sees a market for the three fish farm systems: http://fishfarminginternational.com/tag/land-based/.

Updated Nov 11, 2015, An economic analysis of Daninsh Model Trout:  http://www.aquabestproject.eu/media/14594/aquabest_24_2014_report.pdf.

Updated Dec 30, 2015: This is the Dr. Summerfelt site for on-land farms, a USA site: http://www.conservationfund.org/our-experts/steve-summerfelt. A good, comprehensive site for on-land.

Updated Jan 20, 2016. The attached link lists thousands of on-land farms in Europe. Russia alone has 2500. These are in addition to the 127 I have found so far. While this report has a section on marine growth, most is about on land fish farms. See: http://www.aquafima.eu/export/sites/aquafima/documents/WP5/Actual-and-potential-aquaculture-locations-in-the-BSR_final-with-maps.pdf.

Updated Jan 29, 2016. This is a 2014 report by the Monterey Bay Aquarium, Seafood Watch ranking system, reporting on three on-land farms: Namgis, BC, West Virginia, TCFFI, USA and Atlantic Sapphire, Denmark. It shows what goes into a sound ranking system, unlike, say, the BAPs, ASCs and so on: http://www.seafoodwatch.org/-/m/sfw/pdf/reports/mba_seafoodwatch_atlanticsalmon_ras_report.pdf.

Updated May 11, 2016:  AKVA has best-ever Q1, as land-based tech doubles revenue:(https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2016/05/11/akva-hails-best-ever-q1-as-land-based-tech-doubles-revenue/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=e2646190b6-Europe_briefing_May_11_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-e2646190b6-92426209.

Updated May 11, 2016: China invests $10 in on-land technology in 2015, will double in 2016:  http://fishfarminginternational.com/china-invests-10-million-in-intensive-aquaculture-tech/?inf_contact_key=1c803dc2a7180a5a29f6d5ece45ab8f04f75b84845a15f359fa43bc5f0eb5aed

Updated June 3, 2016: Land Based RAS now accounts for 6% of production in China, 12% in USA/EU, by 2030, 40% of aqua will be RAS, or $13.3 Billion:  http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/750546/ras-tech-engineering-the-future.

Updated June 12, 2016: Yet another study that says on-land fish farms are cheaper than in-ocean fish farms: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/763111/report-lower-environmental-footprint-for-land-based-salmon

Updated June 29, 2016: A good article on the Atlantic Salmon Federation and scientists in NS/NL calling for closed containment of the fish farm industry, and the problems with the Grieg Seafood's Placentia Bay development of 11 open pen farms: http://www.marketwired.com/press-release/-2135605.htm.

Updated July 7, 2016. TimberFish is establishing a whole new method of agricultural growth on both land and water: http://www.timberfishtech.com/.

Updated Aug 19, 2016: AKVA on-land fish farm system sales exploding: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/773637/akva-group-ceo-land-based-aquaculture-tech-sales-exploding?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=01896960c5-AquacultureNewsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-01896960c5-244877629.

Updated Aug 23, 2016: AKVA land-based systems, Q2 financials:  http://www.akvagroup.com/news/akva-group-asa-2q-2016-financial-reporting-

Updated Sept 27, 2016: Study of linking hydropnics and on-land fish farms:http://www.seafoodnews.com/Story/1035520/Univ%2Dof%2DNew%2DHampshire%2DTests%2DIntegrating%2DLand%2DBased%2DAquaculture%2Dwith%2DHydroponic%2DPlant%2DProduction

Updated, Sept 30, 2016: Bjorn Myrseth on 11 closed containment licence applications in Norway: http://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/closed-containment-tops-likely-list/.

Updated, Nov 3, 2016: AKVA's orders for land-based fish farm systems is now at 50%:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2016/11/03/akvas-q3-weakened-by-americas-danish-restructuring/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=0e131415a7-Europe_briefing_Nov_03_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-0e131415a7-92426209.

Updated Nov 5, 2016: Look into the USA group, Recirculating Farmers Coalistion for on-land production:  http://www.recirculatingfarms.org/.

Updated Nov 14, 2016: Poland's on-land Jurassic Salmon gets ASC certification: http://www.intrafish.com/news/1190880/a-first-polish-land-based-salmon-farm-scoops-asc-stamp?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=b056963138-AquacultureNewsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-b056963138-244877629.

Updated Jan 1, 2017: a good list of links for on-land fish farms on Watershed Watch:  https://www.watershed-watch.org/issues/salmon-farming/reducing-the-impacts/closed-containment/.

Updated Jan31, 2017: Biomin - RAS and bacteria for on-land shrimp farms:  http://www.biomin.net/en/articles/sustainable-shrimp-farming-high-density-biofloc-dominated-no-water-exchange-systems/.

““Biofloc” is a general term that describes an assemblage of living (bacteria, cyanobacteria, algae, fungi, protozoans) and non-living (detritus, uneaten feed, waste products) components that form suspended aggregates also in aquaculture systems.”

Updated Feb 20, 2017: Interest in on-land growing: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1216606/interest-growing-fast-for-land-based-salmon-farming.

Updated Feb 23, 2017: Veolia, RAS, plant design and build:  http://technomaps.veoliawatertechnologies.com/processes/lib/3289,RAS_2015_en_Print.pdf.

Updated Feb 24, 2017: AquaMaof Group, to build, farm to 1500 grams, salmon, Grieg Seafood - NL, Canada, AMG Norway, subsidiary of Aqua Maof Group: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/amg-norway-a-subsidiary-of-the-aqua-maof-group-was-chosen-by-grieg-nl-to-build-the-worlds-largest-indoor-salmon-aquaculture-facility-in-newfoundland-595795161.html. 
See: http://aquamaof.com/about.asp. 50 projects around the world.

Updated Mar 3, 2017: Atlantic Sapphire to build 90,000tonne on-land facility in Florida, USA. This is bigger than the entire BC industry of about 85,000tonnes: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/03/03/atlantic-sapphire-thinks-big-after-approval-for-florida-salmon-farm/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=977f05fcef-Americas_briefing_Mar_03_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-977f05fcef-92426209.

Updated Mar 6, 2017: A new report showing that costs of in-ocean and on-land are the same: https://www.facebook.com/groups/nlaquaculture/1978966712327178/.

Updated Mar 9, 2017: On-land, RAS to reach 150,000 mt by 2020:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/03/09/dnb-estimates-ras-farming-will-produce-150000t-by-2020/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=5396d44906-Americas_briefing_Mar_09_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-5396d44906-92426209.

Updated Mar 15, 2017: sewage treatment for fish waste, on-land: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/28897/new-solution-for-aquaculture-wastewater-treatment/. See also item 262 in BAD NEWS BITES as well for waste treatment, Jan 14, 2017 post.

Updated Mar 15, 2017: a good article on Spring Hill and fast growing on-land industry:  https://www.fastcompany.com/3068608/replacing-farms-with-fish-farms-the-odd-solution-to-both-hunger-and-cli

Updated Mar 22, 2017: AquaMaof RAS technology:  http://aquamaof.com/newsEvents.asp.

Updated April 2, 2017: References a study saying on-land is the same price now, particularly in Norway as on-land licences are free, unlike the ocean: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/03/29/land-based-salmon-farming-the-numbers-now-make-sense/.

Updated April 8, 2017: Huon moving toward on-land in Australia/Tasmania: http://www.fis.com/fis/worldnews/worldnews.asp?monthyear=&day=7&id=91048&l=e&special=&ndb=1%20target=&utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=d8b20e9fb1-Salmon_News_Apr7_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-d8b20e9fb1-166907249&mc_cid=d8b20e9fb1&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

Updated April 12, 2017: On-land RAS firm Billund Aquakultur: http://www.billund-aqua.dk/.

Updated April 24, 2017: German RAS firm in Bremerhaven:  http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1242335/photos-german-recirculating-aquaculture-system-research-facility-aims-to-move-sector-forward.

Updated May 6, 2017, CBC article on Sustainable Blue, NS:  http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/aquaculture-federal-funding-nova-scotia-1.4099012?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=fd00ab047c-Salmon_News_May5_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-fd00ab047c-166907249&mc_cid=fd00ab047c&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

Updated May 8, 2017: land based fish farm seminar by Intrafish: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1255378/land-based-aquaculture-innovators-join-nyc-seafood-investor-forum.

Updated July 10, 2017: On land fish farms, Intrafish, costs way below in-ocean: http://www.intrafish.com/commentary/1283877/land-based-salmon-farming-just-got-real

Updated Aug 7, 2017: Monterey Bay Seafood Watch tilapia ratings: http://www.seafoodwatch.org/seafood-recommendations/groups/tilapia?q=Tilapia,%20Farmed.

Updated Aug 16, 2017: land based, Denmark Billund sales rocket:  http://www.billund-aqua.dk/.

Updated Aug 21, 2017: AquaNor 2017, NOFIMA presentations, on-land, close containment: https://nofima.no/en/aktivitet/seminar-at-aqua-nor-closed-containment-aquaculture/.

Updated Aug 23, 2017: a list of companies that supply on-land technology: https://www.agriculture-xprt.com/aquaculture/fish-farm-management/companies/keyword-fish-farm-monitoring-38467/near-canada/business-type-manufacturer.

Updated Aug 29, 2017: AKVA sells Leggo Aquaculture units for tilapia to India: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/08/29/akva-targets-global-tilapia-market-with-lego-aquaculture/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=42a82c2fb7-Americas_briefing_Aug_29_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-42a82c2fb7-92426209.

Updated Sept 6, 2017: Nelson + Pade, USA, Wisconsin, sales of on-land aquaculture systems and hydroponics systems: https://aquaponics.com/.

Updated Sept 15, 2017: A Norwegian comparison of on-land/in-ocean fish farms: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/study-land-based-salmon-farming-can-be-viable/, “The same study also found the footprint of land-based salmon produced in the United States is less than from conventional Norwegian salmon sold in the US market.”

Updated Nov 6, 2017: Ice Fish Farm wants to open an on-land farm in Iceland: https://icefishfarm.is/. I will add it to the list below, when the farm is built.

Updated Dec 1, 2017: A video explaining on-land fish farms for consumers:  http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1389403/video-explaining-land-based-aquaculture-to-consumers?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=86b7463c07-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_12_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-86b7463c07-244877629.

Updated Dec 12, Investors Looking for On-Land Investments:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/12/12/investment-business-dedicated-to-land-based-aquaculture-nears-first-deal/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=c30d588d50-Europe_briefing_Dec_12_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-c30d588d50-92426209

Updated Jan 9, 2017: Nordic Aquafarm, item 149, has big new on land plans across Europe - many farms. It is establishing a new operation in USA, Delaware. See:  http://www.nordicaquafarms.com/. 

Updated Feb 10, 2018: A very good, long article on Atlantic Sapphire in Florida, USA, item 176: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/02/05/atlantic-sapphires-land-based-salmon-plant-on-track-for-2020/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=9012800afb-Americas_briefing_Feb_05_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-9012800afb-92426209.

Updated Feb 23, 2018: the large Diversify project, in Spain and EU: http://www.diversifyfish.eu/.

Updated Mar 7, 2018: The DNB analysis of 20 on-land companies: http://www.kuterra.com/files/1314/9669/9783/DNB_-_Deep_dive_into_land-based_farming.pdf.

Updated April 9, 2018: Economic Analysis and Carbon Footprint Analysis of in-ocean, on-land:  https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/aquacultural-engineering/vol/71.

Updated April 13, 2018: CtrlAqua centre for on-land development in Norway:  http://ctrlaqua.no/news/2018/04/06/annual-report-2017/.

Updated May 1, 2018:  130. On-land Aqua Way of Future - major study!https://phys.org/news/2018-04-farming-fish.html. Vastly smaller use of land than for conventional on-land farming.

Updated May 16, 2018: Grakjaer builds on-land all around the world:  https://www.graakjaer.com/Default.aspx?ID=12249.

Updated June 27, 2018, from BAD NEWS BITES: 
351. New On-land Fish Farm - Nordic Aquafarms, EU, subsidiary Fredrikstad Seafoods: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1521609/nordic-aquafarms-nabs-planning-permit-for-largest-land-based-salmon-unit-in-europe?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=7afd8a835f-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_27_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-7afd8a835f-244877629.

Updated September 12, 2018: Australis Aquaculture sells US barramundi on land farm to Great Falls Aquaculture, Turner Falls, Mass: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/09/12/barramundi-farmer-australis-sells-land-based-farm-to-focus-on-offshore-production/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=e7d14ceb87-Americas_briefing_Sep_12_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-e7d14ceb87-92426209.

Updated September 17, 2018: IntraFish Webinar: Land-based salmon farming -- aquaculture's new reality
Join IntraFish Editors as they discuss the findings of the latest in-depth report on land-based salmon production. by

Proximity to market, lower carbon footprint and reduced environmental impact make land-based salmon production an increasingly appealing model for future growth.

But what of costs and investment? Is farming salmon on land an affordable business? And what drove the industry to this point?

Join IntraFish Editors Rachel Mutter and Elisabeth Fischer as they discuss these questions and more, based on the findings of IntraFish's latest in-depth report on the land-based salmon farming revolution: Click here to watch the webinar now.

Updated Sept 30, 2018: Here is a long list of on-land fish farms with links:  https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?resid=BD6C045CA68C823E!14633&ithint=file%2cdocx&app=Word&authkey=!APM4K1oPnyIB8FA.

Updated Oct 2, 2018: Skretting sets up on-land facility:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/10/01/skretting-unveils-expanded-ras-facilities-for-future-salmon-feed-research/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=7caf83006a-Europe_briefing_Oct_02_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-7caf83006a-92426209.

Updated Oct 2, 2018: podcast on on-land and more articles, IntraFish:  http://www.intrafish.com/news/1592292/intrafish-podcast-land-based-salmon-extravaganza?utm_source=IntraFish+Editor%27s+Picks+newsletter&utm_campaign=093c00210b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_10_01_11_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_4a44318b44-093c00210b-244948953.

Updated Oct 10, 2018: using wood for fish feed, making yeast as protein source:  https://salmonbusiness.com/is-the-wood-the-answer-to-salmon-feed/.

Updated Oct 22, 2018: a major report on the on-land boom: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/10/22/report-can-ras-turbocharge-aquaculture/.

Updated Nov 1, 2018: a $300M project in the desert, Saudi Arabia, Evergreen: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/11/01/chinas-evergreen-in-talks-to-build-300m-aquaculture-farm-in-saudi-arabia/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=941d0d702a-Europe_briefing_Nov_01_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-941d0d702a-92426209.

Updated Nov 2, 2018: Chain of land-based fish farms, PE Fund, Singapore:  https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1622792/pe-fund-envisions-global-network-of-land-based-salmon-farms?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=29d76e747d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_11_02_12_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-29d76e747d-244877629.

Updated Nov 16, 2018: Pure Salmon's global plan of on-land to 260,000mt:  http://asf.ca/global-rollout-of-industrial-scale-ras-salmon-farms.html.

Updated Nov 18, 2018: The Fish Conservancy slide presentation, 2012. See also Tides Canada:  http://tidescanada.org/wp-content/uploads/files/salmon/workshop-may-2012/D1-8_Global_Update_re_Closed-Containment_Production_of_Salmon.pdf.

Updated Nov 26, 2018: Gigante Salmon, 254 on this list, eyes a third on land farm, Norway:  https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1639701/norways-gigante-salmon-eyes-up-another-land-based-project?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=2895a8081a-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_11_26_12_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-2895a8081a-244877629.

Updated Dec 20, 2018: On-land is a better opportunity says DNB, Norwegian banker:  "“And I think this growth will only continue. On paper, the economy of land-based farms looks like its going to work and be very attractive. It is lower investment cost, same production cost and has a large freight advantage,” said Aukner." See: https://salmonbusiness.com/dnb-markets-if-we-look-at-the-history-all-the-biological-problems-and-challenges-the-industry-has-had-have-been-positive-for-stock-price-development/.


And the list of on-land fish farm systems is here:  

And tell me: when is enough enough, for fish farms to be moved to land - for good - everywhere in the world?


270. Palom Aquaculture - Maine, USA, salmon: https://www.palomaquaculture.com/.

269. Nordic Aquafarms - Humboldt, California, new farm, salmon, steelhead, California Marine Investments: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/02/11/editors-recap-more-us-ras-salmon-farms-american-seafoods-sale-mazzetta-changes-china-shrimp-imports/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=72234c7a17-Americas_briefing_Feb_11_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-72234c7a17-92426209. And there is more: "In Europe, two locations are being considered for an additional 10,000t facility. The first is Boulogne-sur-Mer, a major fishing port on the Northern coast of France with "excellent connectivity within France and neighboring countries". The second is Olbia in the north of Sardinia, Italy, a project which has attracted significant support at a national and local level, both politically and financially, said Pure Salmon. The new sites will be fully integrated with on-site hatcheries, grow-out systems, and processing facilities."

268. Hardanger Fish Farm - Norway, salmon, in a mountain: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1694637/growing-salmon-in-a-mountain-this-norwegian-company-is-making-plans.

267. Pure Salmon - salmon, USA, a new 20,000t plant in Tazewell County, Virginia along with a plant in Poland, a new one in Japan, and looking at two more in Europe: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/02/08/pure-salmon-plans-20000t-ras-us-site/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=90f613b810-Salmon_roundup_Feb_08_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-90f613b810-92426209. "The facilities in Poland, Japan, the US, and France/Italy will comprise phase one of Pure Salmon’s roll-out plans, and aim to contribute 40,000t of production to its 260,000t global target."

266. Poullaouen - trout, France, to be built: https://salmonbusiness.com/french-ponder-trout-ras-at-old-marine-harvest-site/.

265. Omega Aqua - India,  four farms, systems supplied, Himilayan rainbow trout, barrimundi: https://salmonbusiness.com/sterner-to-deliver-multiple-ras-plants-for-indian-land-based-fish-farms/.

264. Nissui - Japan, salmon, Maruha Nichiro and Nippon Suisan Kaisha, or Nissui: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/01/08/japanese-seafood-giants-invest-in-land-based-aquaculture/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=e77a5fc707-Europe_briefing_Jan_08_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-e77a5fc707-92426209.

263. Bordemar-Tumbes SpA - 3,000 mt Construction starting in 2018:


262.  Cape Nordic Corporation - South Africa, salmon and trout, 1,800 mt Started construction 2018: http://salmonbusiness.com/new-land-based-farm-for-sea-trout-planned-in-south-africa/.

261. New OFS On Land Plant in Norway - 15000t: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/01/04/norwegian-firm-given-nod-for-15000t-land-based-salmon-farm/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=53a7023a19-Salmon_roundup_Jan_04_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-53a7023a19-92426209.And another: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1665950/new-land-based-salmon-farm-given-green-light-in-western-norway?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=ee57304e9d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_01_04_12_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-ee57304e9d-244877629.

260. Vologda - district, Russia, salmon, AquaMaof: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/12/11/aquamaof-to-build-e25m-2500t-ras-in-russia/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=bd1d492c1c-Europe_briefing_Dec_11_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-bd1d492c1c-92426209.

259. Bordemar-Tumbes SpA - salmon, Chile, 3,000 mt, starting in 2018:

257. West Coast Salmon - South Africa, salmon, 4,000mt. ZERO EFFLUENT DISCHARGE: https://salmonbusiness.com/4000-tonne-a-year-salmon-salmon-planned-in-south-africa/.

256. Landsandlaks - salmon, Denmark, related to Atlantic Sapphire, 3,000mt: http://salmonbusiness.com/atlantic-sapphire-nears-pivotal-danish-harvest/

255. Pure Salmon - Note the two entries of 255, so that you get a good lot of text on the developments, salmon, 8F Asset Management, 260,000MT, starting with a plant in the USA of 20,000MT, from Singapore, with a plant with AquaMaof in Poland: https://www.fishupdate.com/global-roll-out-of-land-based-salmon/. And: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/private-equity-firm-launches-260000-tonne-ras-mission/. Here is a quote: "Stephane Farouze, chairman and founder of 8F, said: “We’re delighted to be launching what is the most exciting global development in land-based Atlantic salmon farming.
“We believe that RAS technology will be the leading driving force for growing salmon in a resource-strained world, where producing sustainable food without further damaging our oceans is paramount.”

255. PE Fund - global on-land fish farm system, Singapore: 376. Global On-land Farm System - Singapore, PE fund: https://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1622792/pe-fund-envisions-global-network-of-land-based-salmon-farms?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=1933735cf7-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_11_05_12_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-1933735cf7-244877629.

254. Gigante Salmon - Norway, three farms of 10,000MT: http://salmonbusiness.com/no-one-has-as-yet-managed-to-document-land-based-industrial-salmon-production-its-just-not-that-simple-and-therefore-must-be-taken-seriously/.

253. Bordemar-Tumbes SpA - salmon, Chile:  https://www.fis.com/fis/worldnews/worldnews.asp?monthyear=7-2018&day=13&id=98297&l=e&country=0&special=&ndb=1&df=0.

252. Ural AKVA - Russia, salmon: https://www.intrafish.com/news/649313/russian-start-up-to-build-2000-ton-land-based-fish-farm.

251. Soul of Japan - http://salmonbusiness.com/soul-of-japan-fully-integrated-salmon-farm-and-processing-plant-planned-for-2019/.

250. Global Fish - AquaMaof, salmon, Poland: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/09/26/israeli-firm-unveils-600t-salmon-showcase-operation-in-poland/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=63f1748f22-Americas_briefing_Sep_26_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-63f1748f22-92426209. And: http://www.globalfish.pl/en/global-fish.html. The text gives a good explanation of why on-land is better than in-ocean.

249. Norcantrabric - salmon, 3000mt Spain: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/09/19/private-investors-to-launch-spains-first-ras-salmon-farm/?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=0f674e1c20-SALMON_NEWS_2018_08_29_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-0f674e1c20-166907249&mc_cid=0f674e1c20&mc_eid=5777c92bcd. 
And: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/article/atlantic-salmon-to-be-farmed-in-northern-spain/.

248. INC, Havlandet Marin Yngel - Norway, salmon, pilot plant being built in 2018, then aims for 10,000mt :  https://aquaoptima.com/en/news, Sept 14, 2018 news. Green Atlantic Salmon.

247. Thomas Aquafarms - USA, Tilapia, Kentucky: https://www.facebook.com/thomasaquafarms/?__tn__=HHH-R.

246. Saumon De France - salmon, 250t, aiming for 1,500t. Indoors, paired with aquaponics and reuse of feces: http://salmonbusiness.com/france-boutique-salmon-farmer-roll-out-aquaponic-projects/. And: https://www.saumonfrance.fr/. This one has in-ocean, as well.

245. AkvaFuture - salmon, Iceland, 6,000mt. They also have closed plants in Norway: http://salmonbusiness.com/akvafuture-starts-process-for-closed-pen-licence-in-iceland/. And: https://www.akvafuture.com/.

244. Caviar Deluxe - Latvia, sturgeon: https://www.caviar-deluxe.eu/.

243. Taylor Fish Farm - USA, tilapia: https://www.taylorfishfarm.com/index.html.

242. Salmofarms - Norway, salmon: http://salmonbusiness.com/yes-salmofarms-will-build-land-based-salmon-farm-in-norway-e52mn-project-to-get-under-way/. Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/Salmofarms/.

241. Losna Seafood - Norway, salmon:  http://salmonbusiness.com/go-ahead-given-to-build-norways-largest-land-based-fish-farm-complex/. Website not yet available.

240.  Sogn Aqua - Norway, Halibut: http://www.aqua-spark.nl/portfolioitem/sogn-aqua/.

239. Vikings Label - to open in Dubai, 2020, salmon, 2500mt: http://salmonbusiness.com/salmon-farmer-duo-set-sights-on-dubais-desert/.

238. Skagen Aquaculture - rainbow trout, Denmark, several plants:  http://www.skagenaquaculture.dk/.

237. Salmon Evolution - salmon, Norway, 28,000 mt: http://www.salmonevolution.no/om-oss/?lang=en. And, raises $5.8M to start construction: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2019/01/22/land-based-salmon-project-raises-5-8m-from-industry-stalwarts/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=c6e8eec53e-Americas_briefing_Jan_22_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-c6e8eec53e-92426209.

236. Nofitech - salmon, Norway: http://nofitech.com/.

235. Vadheim Avkapark - salmon, Norway, 5,000 mt: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1508845/feed-company-spearheads-norwegian-land-based-salmon-project?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=5377751c0e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_13_11_00&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-5377751c0e-244877629.

234. Grakjaer - trout, Africa, Capetown: https://www.graakjaer.com/Default.aspx?ID=12249. Builds on-land projects around the world.

233.  Qinghai Minze - China, trout farm, 15,000mt: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/05/08/debt-crisis-revealed-at-parent-firm-of-chinas-largest-trout-farmer/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=be155f9b53-Salmon_roundup_May_11_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-be155f9b53-92426209.

232. Fortuna Blue - Spain, amberjack: http://sorenfrandsen.wixsite.com/danishsalmon/futuna-blue-spain. Also related to Danish firm: http://sorenfrandsen.wixsite.com/danishsalmon/cv.

231. Stord Havbrukspark, salmon, Norway:  http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1475972/another-major-norwegian-firm-plans-land-based-salmon-farming-operation?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=069e5d40c4-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_20&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-069e5d40c4-244877629.

229/230.  Knut Langeteig, salmon - Norway, Finnmark, to begin constructin in 2019: https://ilaks.no/grisebonde-om-lakseoppdrett-pa-land-fire-hovedparametre-er-viktig-enten-man-produserer-gris-eller-laks/. "One is in domestic tracts in Hurum in Buskerud - the other one is 2000 kilometers away, in Vardø, Finnmark. The annual production capacity will be 1,400 tonnes of salmon for slaughter per year, or post-molten."

228. Jan Helge Dahl - land-based tuna, Norway, Fortuna Mare: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1473856/land-based-tuna-farming-in-norway-this-company-thinks-its-time?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=37a85de916-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_18&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-37a85de916-244877629.

227. FRD Japan - salmon, aims to produce 1000 tonnes by 2020, patented bacteria cleaning system, uses tap water with salt added, meaning farming anywhere in the world: https://www.yahoo.com/news/japan-firm-seeks-spawn-salmon-farm-revolution-035052881.html.

226. Indian Brook Trout Farm - USA, rainbow trout: http://www.indianbrooktroutfarm.com/.

225. AAA Ranch - tilapia, USA, Kansas: http://www.tilapiafish.net/Tilapia-fish-AAA-Ranch-information.html.

224. Piszolla - rainbow trout, Spain: http://piszolla.com/ing/quienes_somos.asp.

223. Aqualande - France, trout, sea bass: see their own site: http://www.groupeaqualande.com/the-group/our-activities/fish-farming.aspx, and then this article: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/03/20/french-trout-firm-aqualande-to-build-new-plant/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=f2965bbd93-Europe_briefing_Mar_20_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-f2965bbd93-91323657. Note that France has no in-ocean farms.

222. Oppdal Fjellmat & Fjellfisk AS (Oppdal Mountain Seafood) - Norway, mountain trout:     .   https://norwegianmountaintrout.wordpress.com/about/.

221. Ideal Fish - USA, branzino: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/03/19/us-based-ras-farmer-ideal-fish-to-battle-seabass-imports/. See Nov 2018 news update: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/11/21/us-seabass-ras-farm-to-start-ramping-up-production-in-january/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=576ccdd2a4-Americas_briefing_Nov_21_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-576ccdd2a4-92426209.

220. KVIDUL - Norway, Oren's Landing, 3,000mt, char, inland trout: https://ilaks.no/duo-vil-produsere-3-000-tonn-roye-og-innlandsorret-arlig-pa-land-i-steinkjer/.

219. Kingfish Zeeland - the European company raising kingfish is going to build a new plant in the USA: https://www.kingfish-zeeland.com/. See also: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/03/12/kingfish-zeeland-plans-to-build-new-ras-farm-in-the-us/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=00aa605bcd-Europe_briefing_Mar_13_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-00aa605bcd-92426209.

218. FRD Japan - salmon, uses tap water and has its own method of cleansing sewage: https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/japan-firm-seeks-to-spawn-salmon-farm-revolution-9998548?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=cbf8007f73-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_01_24&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-cbf8007f73-166907249&mc_cid=cbf8007f73&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

217. Spain - amberjack: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1436805/spanish-ras-firm-expands-with-land-based-amberjack-farm?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=e9ce10463c-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_02_23&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-e9ce10463c-244877629.

216. Aquabanq - a second on-land system, this time in the USA, 10,000t: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/02/19/ras-veteran-backed-firm-plans-10000t-land-based-farm-in-us/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=2eaaa91450-Salmon_roundup_Feb_23_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-2eaaa91450-92426209. See also: http://www.sanluisobispo.com/news/business/article201642744.html.

215. Octaform - 5000mt, amberjack, Saudi Arabia: http://www.octaform.com/projects/nationalprawn/.

214. Latvia, steelhead, 5,000mt, being built - Al Shapiro:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/02/19/ras-veteran-backing-latvian-steelhead-project-using-tech-he-created/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=d721515855-Americas_briefing_Feb_19_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-d721515855-92426209.

213. Aquabanq - USA, 10,000 t, salmon: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/02/19/ras-veteran-backed-firm-plans-10000t-land-based-farm-in-us/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=d721515855-Americas_briefing_Feb_19_2018&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-d721515855-92426209. See: www.aquabanq.com: "Quality, sustainability, bio-safety and reliability.
Aquabanq is a global aquaculture business set to build and operate industrial land-based aquaculture facilities in Europe and the United States for the sustainable production of high quality, antibiotic-free Atlantic salmon and steelhead that can be safely consumed by our clients. Between the overfishing and pollutants in the water, the ocean-raised fish as food source is getting increasingly less reliable. A degrading quality and limiting quantities of healthy, safe fish are the threats to our food security and bio-safety of an important source of protein. With our business and technology, we look to change the future of fish farming and challenge the status quo"
211 & 212. Nordic Aquafarm - this company actually has or is building three different farms. Fredrikstad Seafood, item 149 on this list, in Norway. It has just bought a property in Maine, USA to put in a 33,000mt on land farm, in town of Belfast. It has Sashimi Royal, Danish, yellowtail.   See: http://www.nordicaquafarms.com/. And see: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2018/01/30/nordic-aquafarms-plans-33000t-land-based-salmon-farm-in-us/.

210. Kingfish Zeeland - kingfish, Netherlands: https://www.kingfish-zeeland.com/.

209. Aqualitas Inc - yes, combines aquaponics with cannibis growth, Canada: http://www.aqualitas.ca/aquaponics/.

208. Steelhead - Watersong Farms, Manitoba, CDN:  http://www.watersongfarms.ca/.

207.  Biofarm ApS - Denmark, Sunshine Bass: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/sustainabilitys-a-breeze-for-green-fish-farmer/. And: http://biofarm.dk/.

206. F-Trout - Russia, using Aqua Maof RAS technology: https://translate.google.ca/translate?hl=en&sl=ru&u=http://apkmiak.ru/activities/ftrout/description/&prev=search.

205. Rybia Farms - Slovakia: http://www.teraz.sk/ekonomika/s-chovom-sumceka-africkeho-naplno-chc/178171-clanok.html. Catfish, in warm water.

204. Trout and Other Species  - Russia: http://www.worldfishing.net/news101/fish-farming/farming-rainbow-trout-in-russias-kemerovo-region. "As many as ten species of fish and a production volume of 2500 tonnes are planned for an aquaculture complex in the Kemerovo region of Russia, announced Vasily Sokolov, deputy head of the Russian Federal Fisheries Agency, at the opening ceremony."

203. Apollo Aquarium - Indonesia, on-land, sea bass, grouper: http://www.eco-business.com/news/1m-land-based-singapore-fish-farm-opens/

202. Global Fish - Poland, salmon: http://www.globalfish.pl/en/fresh-salmon.html.

201. Seafood Dragon - salmon, China, $72 Million, being built, 6,000MT:  http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1399188/norwegian-firm-building-euro-72-million-land-based-salmon-farm-in-china?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=f0e6a130ac-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_12_15&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-f0e6a130ac-244877629. This will have a big impact on BC that is trying to get Asian sales off the ground, and with Atlantic Sapphire, on land in Florida, being built.

200.  4 Closed Containment Concepts, More $$ than In-ocean, Open - salmon, Norway: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/floating-closed-cages-can-quadruple-profits/. "There are at least four in-sea closed containment systems running in Norway: Ecomerden is active on a Sulefisk site; Neptun 3 is used on a Marine Harvest site in the west; Akvadesign has some closed systems in Brønnøysund; Preline is a closed concept developed by Lerøy, co-owner of Scottish Sea Farms."

199. Jacktell - salmon, Norway or anywhere else in the world, an offshore platform that includes sewage treatment and making of hydro to run the operation as the platforms will be 15 metres above the water, aims for 10,000 mt in 85 stacked tanks: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/concept-takes-salmon-farming-to-a-new-level/.

198. Bustan - Egypt, tilapia: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/long_reads/farming-fish-in-the-egyptian-desert-aquaponics-a8090616.html?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=224786b52d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_12_06&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-224786b52d-166907249&mc_cid=224786b52d&mc_eid=5777c92bcd.

197. Aquaculture Innovations - salmon, Norway: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1391902/another-land-based-salmon-farmer-in-the-works?utm_source=IntraFish+Aquaculture+Newsletter&utm_campaign=86b7463c07-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_12_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_ec4b681694-86b7463c07-245031329.

196. Flexifarm - Cermaq, Norway, a 'closed' system that will have the ability to sequester sewage, if, indeed a fish farm wants to do that rather than just dump them at sea: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/flexifarm-promises-fewer-losses-lower-costs/.

195. Arctic Fish - Charr, Norway. Yes, it is Norway the no-can-do nation about on-land fish farms: http://www.arcticfishnorway.com/AFN/en/Aquaculture/page1/index.html?a22=65.

194. Timberfish Technologies - USA a complete system from making its own feed from beer brewing waste:  https://timberfishtech.com/.

193. Cascade Arctic Charr - USA, WA: http://cascadeaquafarms.com/.

192. Oman - barramundi, Al Hosn Investment Company: https://www.fis.com/fis/worldnews/worldnews.asp?monthyear=8-2017&day=26&id=93537&l=e&country=&special=&ndb=1&df=0.

191. Aquaco Farms - USA, pompano: http://aquacofarms.com/.

190. Salmo Terra - Norway, salmon: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1321354/new-land-based-salmon-farm-planned-for-norway.

189. Niri Scotland - Atlantic salmon and tilapia: http://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/scotlands-land-based-salmon-breakthrough/. And: http://niri.com/. And using sludge as a revenue stream: http://niri.com/renewable-energy/. "Niri AS was established in 2008 in Måløy, Norway, with the ambition of commercializing land-based salmon farming. In 2008 IRIS (International Research Institute of Stavanger) published a report that proved salmon farmed in a Niri system can be produced at significantly lower costs than in sea cages." Updated, Feb 14, 2018: "15,000 tonne-per-year plant, Niri Scotland’s contention that it is a technology business and not a production company differs from the stated intent of its Norwegian parent to “become a leading producer of high-quality seafood on land at competitive cost”. In the summer of 2017 Niri AS announced plans for a 15,000 tonne/year Niri RAS facility in Andenes, Norway.
In November, Gravdal said he was certain Niri would re-start land-based farming in Scotland, but the details hadn’t yet been worked out." Here is an update for Feb 21, 2018, Machrihanish: https://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/foreign-buyers-eye-machrihanish-ras-plant/.

188. Nekst AS - Norway, Atlantic salmon, 20,000mt, 20m fish, grown to 2.2kg then in sea in double walled containers for only six months: https://www.tu.no/artikler/her-skal-det-produseres-20-000-tonn-laks-pa-land/383242. The sewage is to be used to produce biogas.

187. Aquabounty - USA, Indiana, GMO salmon to be raised on land, in a new facility outside PEI, $14M: http://www.seafoodnews.com/Story/1064824/AquaBounty%2Dto%2DProduce%2DGM%2DSalmon%2Din%2DIndiana%2Dwith%2D14%2DMillion%2DPurchase%2Dof%2DBell%2DFish%2DCompanys%2DAssets.

186. Cape d'Or Salmon - NS, Atlantic Salmon: http://seacoreseafood.com/product/cape-dor-salmon-land-based-atlantic-salmon-nova-scotia. See, also: Cape D'or Sustainable Seafood - NS, Salmon: http://capedor.co/.

185. Belgium - 'omega bass' RAS: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/06/09/vici-veteran-belmans-to-take-ras-farmed-belgian-omega-bass-startup-into-retail/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=6c435c79fb-Europe_briefing_Jun_09_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-6c435c79fb-92426209.

184. Russia - RAS trout, $50M, 5000mt, Finnish entrepreneur : https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/06/06/finnish-entrepreneur-leads-50m-russian-ras-trout-project/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=e0ac169d52-Salmon_roundup_Jun_09_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-e0ac169d52-92426209.

183. Mitsui - on-land fish farms in Asia - the object is to develop on-land all across Asia, as in numerous on-land operations supplying Asia: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/05/15/mitsui-planning-venture-to-cultivate-salmon-in-japan/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=09d9a50a3e-Salmon_roundup_May_19_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-09d9a50a3e-92426209. Hasta La vista In-ocean, Marine Harvest, Cermaq, Grieg Seafood.

182. Mitsui, FRD - land-based trout, Japan: https://www.mitsui.com/jp/en/release/2017/1223277_10832.html.

181. Nekst - Norway, RAS, 20,000 mt, salmon: http://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/world-largest-land-based-salmon-farm-is-granted-license/. Check back as some in-ocean grow out hinted at.

180. Great American Aquaculture - seabass, Connecticut: http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1243094/us-land-based-sea-bass-farming-project-ready-for-launch.

179. Superior Fresh - salmon, USA, Jackson County: http://www.superiorfresh.com/.Here is a news article: http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2017/sep/1/wisconsin-indoor-fish-farm-uses-water-for-greenhou/. "Fish farm-greenhouse enterprise Superior Fresh in Northfield opened its indoor Atlantic salmon farm Thursday, The Leader-Telegram reported . The 1-acre fish farm can produce up to 120,000 pounds of Atlantic salmon and 40,000 pounds of rainbow trout each year."

178. Kingfish Zeeland - kingfish, Netherlands, COO Kees Kloet has developed 30 on-land kingfish operations: https://www.kingfish-zeeland.com/the-team.

177. Yellow tail - 9 facilities, USA. A very good Powerpoint presentation of the results: http://www.tidescanada.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/D-2-7AnD-riesKamstraD-evelopingYellowTailKingFishFarmingInLanD-BaseD-CloseD-ContainmentSystems.pdf.

176. Atlantic Sapphire, USA, Salmon, Florida, 150,000 tons: http://www.atlanticsapphire.com/. See the story: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2017/03/03/atlantic-sapphire-thinks-big-after-approval-for-florida-salmon-farm/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=977f05fcef-Americas_briefing_Mar_03_2017&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-977f05fcef-92426209. This one is a complete game-changer for on-land, as in hasta la vista in-ocean. The BC industry is toast.

Look at their staff: "Work on the company’s site in Florida is underway, with former Marine Harvest and Villa Organic executive Dharma Rajeswaran in as chief operating officer. 

Andreassen left his role with Platina Seafood, a US importer he is a shareholder in, earlier in the year for the CEO spot at Atlantic Sapphire.

Also on the management team are Jose Prado, as chief financial officer; 

Thue Holm, as chief technology officer; and Damien Claire, also CEO of Platina, to handle the sales side.

Kjell Bjordal, who was CEO of feed giant EWOS from 2000-2013, is listed as the upcoming chairman.

Bjorn Myrseth, the former chairman of Morpol and the founder and CEO of Marine Farms until 201, is also on the board."

175. Pentair - seabass, Connecticut, USA: https://www.pentair.com/en/industries/food-beverage/aquaculture.

174. Akvafarm Rjukan - Norway, RAS, Atlantic salmon: http://kyst.no/nyheter/konsesjon-tildelt-akvafarm-rjukan-kan-bety-60-nye-arbeidsplasser/.

173. Hudson Valley Farms, USA, salmon: http://advocate.gaalliance.org/a-land-grab-for-salmon-and-shrimp-in-upstate-new-york/. Note that a previous, steelhead farm is system 115: Hudson Valley, USA, NY, steelhead. See: http://www.hudsonvalleyfishfarms.com/our_feed.html.

172.  Tomren Fish - Norway, $48 million, in Trohaug, Tomrefjord:  http://www.intrafish.com/aquaculture/1214665/norwegian-firm-invests-usd-48-million-in-land-based-salmon-farm.

171. Nitrifying Bioreactor - India, many species, this is a huge movement with a lot of farms the potential, using the RAS system: http://www.nitrifying-bioreactor.com/.

170. Sashimi Royal - Yellowtail, Denmark, 1200mt: http://www.sashimiroyal.com/2-2/news/.

169. Danish Salmon - Denmark, RAS, 2000mt:  https://stateofgreen.com/en/profiles/akva-group-denmark/solutions/fish-farm-danish-salmon.

168. UAE, Oman, SA - major development, multiple species, including on land and in water farms, as well as marine RAS. Read this UN FAO report on a major development of hundreds of facilities: http://www.fao.org/in-action/globefish/fishery-information/resource-detail/en/c/338614/. Also included on land salmon, in salt water taken from the ocean.

167. Iowa Hog Farm - barramundi, USA: http://www.seafoodnews.com/Story/1046204/Bizarre%2Dand%2DInspiring%2Dan%2DIowa%2DFamilys%2DHog%2DFarm%2DNow%2DRaises%2DBarramundi.

166. Fish Breeders of Idaho - USA, trout, sturgeon, tilapia: http://www.fishbreedersofidaho.com/.

165. Swiss Alpine Fish AG, salmon: https://swisslachs.ch/?lang=en.

164. WorldFish - India, Bangladesh, moa fish. This has the potential to be thousands of farms, gill nets and so on in multiple countries: http://worldfishcenter.org/pages/gill-net/.

163. Whole Oceans, USA, salmon, subsidiary of NJ, Emergent Holdings: http://www.theforecaster.net/harpswells-former-navy-fuel-depot-eyed-for-indoor-salmon-farm/?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=8395b046c0-Salmon_News_Nov_17_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-8395b046c0-166907249.

162. FishFrom - UK, salmon - in set up phase, raising money: http://www.intrafish.com/news/655758/uk-land-based-salmon-project-still-on-the-table

161.Sino Agro Foods - China will be largest on land RAS system in the world, shrimp, tilapia and others: http://advocate.gaalliance.org/an-inside-look-at-sino-agro-foods-giant-prawn-megafarm/.

160. Coho Farms Ltd, Bulgaria, coho: http://foreignersandfriends.com/coho-farms-europes-first-coho-salmon-farm-launched-bulgaria/. The first of many.

159. Taste of BC Aquafarms, business arm,  Little Cedarfalls, steelhead, Canada : http://www.littlecedarfalls.com/about-us.html.

158. Matorka, Arctic Char, Iceland: http://www.matorka.is/OurFish/Production/ArcticChar/. And: http://www.thefishsite.com/fishnews/28309/sustainable-arctic-char-farming-to-expand-following-investment/.

157. Samherji,  Islandsbleikja - Arctic char, Iceland, 3000t: http://www.fishupdate.com/wild-salmon-advocate-takes-interest-in-farming/.

156. West Creek, BC, Canada, sockeye, coho, rainbow trout: http://www.westcreekbc.ca/. Associated with Willowfield Entereprises.

155. Inland Sea, Iowa to raise 5.3m pounds of salmon. News: http://www.radioiowa.com/2016/08/17/investors-sought-for-salmon-farm-near-harlan/. A Danish system. Inland Sea: http://www.inland-sea.com/.

154. Anglesey Aquaculture, UK - bream, etc. See its good PDF: http://www.oceanologyinternational.com/__novadocuments/49800?v=635315172741030000.

153. Nekst - Norway, 20 million Atlantics, mostly on land: http://www.fishfarmingexpert.com/news/world-largest-land-based-salmon-farm-is-granted-license/. Using large post smolts means a shorter growing cycle in sea cages, less delousing and less environmental impact. Nekst believes that growing even larger fish on land, and spending even less time in the sea, can nearly eliminate the need for delousing with chemicals and other methods.

But excuse me while I roll my eyeballs: Partner, Kjell Aasen in Nekst says: “A key success factor for the Norwegian aquaculture industry is the know-how, skills and professionalism of Norwegian authorities in charge of the industry.  It is a matter of looking around the world, to understand that we could not have built the best aquaculture industry in the world without a good set of regulations and a qualified bureaucracy.” Fish farms make such claims but read Sandvik's, Under the Surface, for the corruption in the process.

152. Scotland/Norway, NIRI, salmon, largest on-land site in world for 26,000: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2016/08/02/norwegian-tech-firm-builds-worlds-biggest-land-based-salmon-tank/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=5c613a3174-Salmon_roundup_Aug_05_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-5c613a3174-92426209. Tipping Point: Now we can build on-land commercial farms all around the globe!

151. Singapore - Apollo Aquaculture Group - many species of fish, eight to 10 times the yield from open farming, modular design, easy set-up, easy down. The first of many farms: http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/farming-on-the-up-and-up.

150. Norway, CtrlAQUA - Atlantic Salmon - many systems, major interest in on-land fish farms:  http://ctrlaqua.no/.

149. Norway - Fredrikstad Seafood, of Nordic Aquafarms - Salmon, large RAS facility: https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2016/06/23/norwegian-company-breaking-ground-on-countrys-first-ras-salmon-facility/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=96600c9aff-Americas_briefing_Jun_23_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-96600c9aff-92426209. And: http://www.seafoodsource.com/news/aquaculture/cathal-dinneen-leaves-kuterra-to-join-norway-s-fredrikstad-seafood.

148. China - Tilapia Ponds, this is really an entire industry, but I count it here as one farm. Do note: high temp has resulted in disease and death, even in on-land farms: Seafood News, June 23, 2016. 

147. Germany - FRESH urban fish farm, saltwater species, yellowtail, salt bream, European sea bass:  http://www.friendofthesea.org/DE/news-doc.asp?CAT=1&ID=955

146. Norway - Marine Harvest, Closed Containment Ships - 950,000 salmon per boat. Fecal matter to be used:  https://www.undercurrentnews.com/2016/06/03/marine-harvest-in-new-application-to-farm-salmon-on-converted-cargo-vessel/?utm_source=Undercurrent+News+Alerts&utm_campaign=1b00f2ae4a-Europe_briefing_Jun_06_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_feb55e2e23-1b00f2ae4a-92426209. Also, see: http://www.seafoodnews.com/Story/1024736/Marine%2DHarvest%2DWants%2Dto%2DFarm%2DFish%2DInside%2DCargo%2DShip.

"We are going to collect the salmon's nutrient-rich excrement so that it can be used for other purposes," said Aarskog. "In addition to which, the solution is almost guaranteed to be escape-proof and lice free."

145. Taiwan - Atlantic Salmonhttp://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2016/05/14/2003646248?utm_source=Watershed+Watch+Email+List&utm_campaign=6d9fa42287-Salmon_News_May_18_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_405944b1b5-6d9fa42287-214661381. Cold water from LNG liquifying.

144, USA Tilapia, Quixotic, Colorado, Missouri: http://www.quixoticfarming.com/.

143. Canada - Tilapia. There are on-land tilapia farms in Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta. This is many farms, but listed here once, taken from the Canadian Aquaculture Alliance site, that is mostly about environmentally-degrading in-ocean fish farms:  http://www.aquaculture.ca/files/species-tilapia.php

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