Following the tipping point in Norway that happened last year when the government became so fed up with in-ocean farms it started giving out zero cost licences for on-land farms, a subsidy of $9- to $12-million based on the auction price of an in-ocean licence, my list of on-land farms now has 162 different systems, comprising almost 20,000 on-land farms around the world.
Then there is the tipping point in BC where a wide ranging group came together to push for on land, as well as aboriginals giving eviction notices to in-ocean farms.
And, see: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/08/key-document-aboriginals-against-in.html.
And the major global conference in Norway with Canadians and others: http://fishfarmnews.blogspot.ca/2016/07/norwegians-canadians-reject-in-ocean.html. They call in-ocean fish farms 'an ecological trainwreck'.
Now on-land is just leaving in-ocean in its unsustainable form that uses the ocean as a free, open sewer, in the dust.
From this article: "More than half the seafood eaten globally is now farmed. And yet for some, aquaculture conjures up images of escaped fish, crowded pens, antibiotics, and ocean pollution in Asia, where nearly 90 percent of today’s aquaculture takes place. Now some entrepreneurs are bringing aquaculture on land. In the process, many hope to find a sustainable solution to the growing demand for a low-input, clean source of protein."
Fish for sale has increased almost exponentially: "Global production has increased from 1.6 million tons of fish in 1960 to 66.6 million tons in 2012."
Tracey Carillo started raising shrimp in the desert to see whether they could use a cottonseed protein by product, and with zero waste as it is used in hydroponics, and in others, for fuel to run the plant. He did it with the: university’s Arrowhead Center technology incubator.
Closed containment is now big business: "“Recirculating aquaculture systems have the
potential to revolutionize seafood production globally,” said Monica
Jain, a seafood industry expert and the founder of Fish 2.0, an annual competition for sustainable seafood startups held in Silicon Valley where Carrillo competed recently."
Start-up costs are small compared with in-ocean fish farms, coming in at $60- to $100-thousand US. Carillo is selling franchises for start up in Denver, Dallas, Scottsdale, and Albuquerque.
And in Switzerland, on-land Atlantics are grown by Swiss Alpine Fish AG: "“There are a lot of problems with salmon
farms in the sea, such as chemicals, antibiotics, and fish waste falling
to the ocean floor,” said Connor who was also at the Fish 2.0 event.
His system—which Connor plans to get online by the end of 2015—will
recycle fish waste into biogas at an onsite plant that will power the
The article cited above, also mentions Quixotic Farming and Aqua Bounty, both on land fish farms.
So, Marine Harvest, Cermaq and Grieg Seafood. Time to change or die.